Dthis post will talk about the narrations which tell us that ali asws was the first muslim, and how different scholars accepted the strength of this narration


ALI asws: THE FIRST MUSLIM

NARRATION NO. 1


it has been narrated by ahmad in his musnad, hakim in his mustadarak, nisai in his khasias, and tirmidhi in his jamia

and it says

حدثنا عبد الله ، حدثني أبي ، ثنا وكيع ، ثنا شعبة ، عن عمرو بن مرة ، عن أبي حمزة

مولى الأنصار ، عن زيد بن أرقم قال : أول من أسلم مع رسول الله (ص) عليّ (رض)


zaid bin arqam narrated that the first one who brought islam with prophet is ali


REFERENCES:-


1-musnad ahmad, vol 4, page 368

2-mustadarak, vol 3, page 136

3-jamia tirmidhi, vol 5, page 306

4-khasais-e-ali, page 62,narration 3


OPINION OF SUNNI SCHOLARS ABOUT THIS HADEETH


1- sheikh hamza zain says: isnaad sahih

[musnad imam ahmad, takhreej of sheikh ahmad shakir and hamza, vol 14, page 430-431, narration 19177]

2- hakim says: sahih

3- dhabi says: sahih

[mustadarak, 3/136]

4-tirmidhi: hasan sahih

[jamia tirmidhi, vol 5, page 306]

5- albani says: sahih isnaad

[jamia tirmidhi, narration 3735 tehqeeq of albani]

6- abu ishaq haweeni athari says: isnaad sahih

[khasais-e-ali, page 26, narration 3]

7- baloshi says: sahih

[khasais-e-ali, takhreej by baloshi; page 22, narration 3]

8-wasi ullah bin mohammad abbas says : sahih sanad

[fadail us sahaba, vol 2, page 637, narration 1000]

9-mustafa ul udwi says: hasan

[al-sahih ul musnad min fadail us sahaba, page 111-112]


NARRATION NO. 2

Tabarani narrates in his maujam kabeer

قال : حدثنا إبراهيم بن محمد بن بَرّة الصنعاني ، والحسن بن عبد الأعلى النرسي ، قالا :

انا عبد الرزاق ، انا الثوري ، عن سلمة بن كهيل ، عن أبي صادق ، عن عليم ، عن سلمان

(رض) قال :

أول هذه الأمة وروداً على نبيها (ص) أولها إسلاماً علي بن أبي طالب

it says

salman said : the first from this nation to me prophet asws, and the first to bring islam is ali ibn abi talib

[maujam kabeer tabarani, vol 6, page 265]


OPINION OF SCHOLARS


haithmi says: narrated by tabarani, and all narrators are thiqa

[majma uz zawaid, vol 9, page 102]

NARRATION 3

imam hakim narrates in mustadarak

فحدثنا بشرح ، هذا الحديث الشيخ أبو بكر بن إسحاق ، أنا الحسن بن علي بن زياد السري ،

ثنا حامد بن يحيى البلخي بمكة ، ثنا سفيان ، عن إسماعيل بن أبي خالد ، عن قيس بن أبي

حازم ، قال : كنت بالمدينة فبينا أنا أطوف في السوق إذ بلغت أحجار الزيت ، فرأيت قوما

مجتمعين على فارس قد ركب دابة ، وهو يشتم علي بن أبي طالب ، والناس وقوف حواليه إذ

أقبل سعد بن أبي وقاص فوقف عليهم ، فقال : ما هذا ؟ فقالوا : رجل يشتم علي بن أبي طالب

، فتقدم سعد فأفرجوا له حتى وقف عليه فقال : يا هذا ، علام تشتم علي بن أبي طالب ؟ ألم

يكن أول من أسلم ؟ ألم يكن أول من صلى مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ؟ ألم يكن أزهد

الناس ؟ ألم يكن أعلم الناس ؟ وذكر حتى قال : ألم يكن ختن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم

على ابنته ؟ ألم يكن صاحب راية رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في غزواته ؟ ثم استقبل القبلة

ورفع يديه ، وقال : اللهم إن هذا يشتم وليا من أوليائك ، فلا تفرق هذا الجمع حتى تريهم قدرتك

. قال قيس : فوالله ما تفرقنا حتى ساخت به دابته فرمته على هامته في تلك الأحجار ، فانفلق

دماغه ومات

[mustadarak imam hakim, vol 3, page 499-500]

qaid bin abi hazim said: i was in madina and i saw some people who had gathered around a horse rider who was insulting ali asws, while the people were standing around him; saad was around so he came to ask what the matter was. people told him that the horse rider was insulting ali asws.

so he came near to the man and told him:

why are you insulting ali? was he not the most knowledgeable?

he continued till he said

was he not the husband of daugther of prophet asws?was he not the most devoted to relgion? was he not the first to accept islam? was he not the first to pray with the prophet asws? was he not the flag bearer of prophet asws in every battle?

saad then faced kaaba, and lifted his hand to sky and said:o allah! this man is insulting one of your friends [walis], plz do not spread this assemble until you show them your power

qais said: by god! we did not separate until the horse of that man jump and threw the rider off, and his head hit the rocks on the ground and his skull split open


OPINION OF SUNNI SCHOLARS


hakim: sahih on the conditions of sheikhain but not written

dhabi: sahih on the conditions of bukhari and muslim

NARRATION 4

this narration is narrated by ahmad in his musnad, and tabarani in his maujam kabeer

حدثنا عبد الله حدثني أبي ثنا أبو أحمد ثنا خالد يعني بن طهمان عن نافع بن أبي نافع عن
معقل بن يسار قال : وضأت النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم ذات يوم فقال هل لك في فاطمة
رضي الله عنها تعودها فقلت نعم فقام متوكئا علي فقال أما انه سيحمل ثقلها غيرك ويكون
أجرها لك قال فكأنه لم يكن على شيء حتى دخلنا على فاطمة عليها السلام فقال لها كيف
تجدينك قالت والله لقد اشتد حزني واشتدت فاقتي وطال سقمي قال أبو عبد الرحمن وجدت
في كتاب أبي بخط يده في هذا الحديث قال أو ما ترضين أني زوجتك أقدم أمتي سلما وأكثرهم
علما وأعظمهم حلما

maqal bin yassar says that i helped prophet in ablution one day, so He said, will you go to fatima asws so that we ask about her health? so i said yes. so he stood up while taking support on me, and then he said

“soon, it will be taken up by someone else and you will get the reward”

narrator said that i felt nothing then till we entered house of fatima asws;

“so He asked how are you?”

so she said: “by god! grief has increased, and hunger has increased and diseased has increased.”

abu abdur rehman said that i also read in the book of my father with his hand writing regarding this hadeeth that

prophet asws said

“are you not happey that i married you to one who is the first of muslim, and the most knowledgable and greatest in ambition”


REFERENCES:-

1-musnad ahmad, vol 5, page 26

2-maujam kabeer, vol 20, page 230

OPINION OF SCHOLARS

1- sheikh hamza zain says: isnaad hasan

[masnad ahmad with takhrej of sheikh ahmad and zain, vol 15, page 174, narration 20185]

2-haithmi says: narrated by ahmad and tabarani, and in that is khalid bin tehman who is thiqa as per abu hatim etc, and rest all are thiqa

then in the end he said

narrated by ahmad and tabarani with narrators which are all thiqa

[majma uz zawaid, vol 9, page114]

3-iraqi said: ahmad and tabarani narrated from prophet that maqal helped him in ablution…. isnaad are sahih

[takhreej ahadeeth ul ahya, vol 7, page 416, narration

4-sheikh fitani said: sahih

[tazkira tul modoaat, vol 1, page 178]

5-ahmad ghamari said: narrators thiqa

[fath ul mulk al-ali, page 162]

6-ibn jurair authenticate with the chain narrated from ali

[kinz ul amal, vol 13, page 114, narration 63370, after mentioning the hadeeth, it is written that it is authenticated by ibn jurair, and dolabi in al-zuriat-ut-tahira]

7-hafiz dakhshani authenticated the chain

[nazal ul abrar bama saha fi manaqib ahlubati athar, page 64]

NARRATION 5

حدثنا أبو العباس محمد بن يعقوب ، ثنا الحسن بن علي بن عفان العامري ، ثنا حسن بن

عطية ، ثنا يحيى بن سلمة بن كهيل ، عن أبيه ، عن محمد بن علي ، عن ابن عباس قال :

قال أبو موسى الأشعري : إنّ علياً أول من أسلم مع رسول الله


abu musa said that ali was the first to accept islam with prophet asws

[mustadarak, imam hakim, vol 3, page 465]

OPINION OF SCHOLAR

imam hakim said that it is sahih but not written

NARRATION 6:-

It has been narrated before in the ten glories of mola ali asws

حدثنا عبد الله ، حدثني أبي ، ثنا وكيع ، ثنا شعبة ، عن عمرو بن مرة ، عن أبي حمزة مولى الأنصار ، عن زيد بن أرقم قال : أول من أسلم مع رسول الله (ص) عليّ (رض)