6 – محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن محمد بن إسماعيل بن بزيع، عن عمه حمزة بن بزيع، عن أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) في قول الله عزوجل: ” فلما آسفونا انتقمنا منهم (4) ” فقال: إن الله عزوجل لا يأسف كأسفنا ولكنه خلق أولياء لنفسه يأسفون ويرضون وهم مخلوقون مربوبون، فجعل رضاهم رضا نفسه وسخطهم سخط نفسه، لانه جعلهم الدعاة إليه والادلاء عليه، فلذلك صاروا كذلك وليس أن ذلك يصل إلى خلقه، لكن هذا معنى ما قال من ذلك وقد قال: ” من أهان لي وليا فقد بارزني بالمحاربة ودعاني إليها ” وقال ” ومن يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله (5) ” وقال: ” إن الذين يبايعونك إنما يبايعون الله، يد الله فوق أيديهم (6) ” فكل هذا وشبهه على ما ذكرت لك وهكذا الرضا والغضب وغيرهما من
الاشياء مما يشاكل ذلك، ولو كان يصل إلى الله الاسف والضجر، وهو الذي خلقهما وأنشأهما لجاز لقائل هذا أن يقول: إن الخالق يبيد يوما ما، لانه إذا دخله الغضب والضجر دخله التغيير، وإذا دخله التغيير لم يؤمن عليه الابادة، ثم لم يعرف المكون من المكون ولا القادر من المقدور عليه، ولا الخالق من المخلوق، تعالى الله عن هذا القول علوا كبيرا، بل هو الخالق للاشياء لا لحاجة، فإذا كان لا لحاجة استحال الحد والكيف فيه، فافهم إن شاء الله تعالى.

TRANSLATION:-

 


Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘a from his uncle, Hamza ibn Bazi‘a from abu ‘Abdallah () who has said the following about the words of Allah.

“When they invoked Our anger, (43:54). We took revenge on them . . .” (43:55). ”

Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, does not become frustrated the way we do. But He has created friends for his-Own-self who become frustrated and at times happy. They are created. They worship (Allah). He has designed their happiness to be His Own happiness and their anger as His-Own anger. It is because He has assigned them to guide people to Him and serve as proof of His existence. For this reason such conditions belong to them. This does not reach Allah the way it reaches people. The meaning is what just mentioned. He has also said, “Whoever would humiliate My friends such people have declared war against Me with challenge.” He has also said,
“One who obeys the Messenger has certainly obeyed God. . . .” (4:80).

“Those who pledge obedience to you are, in fact, pledging obedience to God. The hands of God are above their hands. . . .” (48:10).

All of these and other similar ones mean what I just said. The same is the case with anger and happiness and other such matters. Had it been possible for frustration and anger to reach Allah one could have said that one-day Allah will banish altogether. It is because if anger and frustration would reach Him changes also would take place in Him and, thus, He will not remain safe from banishment. As a result, there would exist no distinction between the created and the Creator, between the Almighty and those subject to such might and power. No distinction would remain between the created and the Creator. Allah is far above such things, and is the Most High and Most Great. He is the Creator of all things not because he needed them. If it would be without the need then it would be impossible to limit Him with limits and conditions. Note this if Allah would will it to be so.”

REFERENCES:-

1-al kafi, vol 1, page 144, narration 6

2- al tauheed, sheikh sudooq, page 168

3- maani ul akhbar, sheikh sudooq; page 19

4- bihar ul anwaar, vol 4, page 65

AUTHENTICIITY

al-majlisi :- HASAN

[miraat ul uqool, 2/118]