Let us see some narrations in this regard

Sheikh Sudooq makes a chapter in this regard in his book, A’yoon Akhbar ur Raza asws, saying

بابُ مَعْرِفَتِهِ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ بِجَمِيعِ اللُّغات‏

CHAPTER ON AL-REZA’S KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THE LANGUAGES

[A’yoon Akhbar ur Raza, vol 2, page 228-229]
He mentions 

NARRATION 1

1 – حَدَّثَنَا أبِي رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَزَكَ عَنْ يَاسِرٍ الخَادِمِ قَالَ كَانَ غُلْمَانٌ لأبِي الْحَسَنِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فِي الْبَيْتِ صَقَالِبَةً وَرُومِيَّةً وَكَانَ أبُو الْحَسَنِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ قَرِيباً مِنْهُمْ فَسَمِعَهُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ يَتَرَاطَنُونَ بِالصَّقْلَبِيَّةِ وَالرُّومِيَّةِ وَيَقُولُونَ إنّا كُنَّا نَفْتَصِدُ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ فِي بِلادِنَا ثُمَّ لَيْسَ نَفْتَصِدُ هَاهُنَا فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ وَجَّهَ أبُو الْحَسَنِ إلى بَعْضِ الأطِبَّاءِ فَقَالَ لَهُ افْصُدْ فُلاناً عِرْقَ كَذا وَافْصُدْ فُلاناً عِرْقَ كَذَا وَافْصُدْ فُلاناً عِرْقَ كَذا وَافْصُدْ هَذا عِرْقَ كَذَا. ثُمَّ قَالَ: يَا يَاسِرُ لا تَفْتَصِدُ أنْتَ؟ قَالَ فَافْتَصَدْتُ فَوَرُمَتْ يَدِي وَاحْمَرَّتْ. فَقَالَ لِي يَا يَاسِرُ مَالَكَ؟ فَأخْبَرْتُهُ. فَقَالَ: أَلَمْ أنْهَكَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ؟ هَلُمَّ يَدَكَ. فَمَسَحَ يَدَهُ عَلَيْهَا وَتَفَلَ فِيهَا ثُمَّ أوْصَانِي أنْ لا أتَعَشَّى. فَمَكَثْتُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ لا أتَعَشَّى ثُمَّ أُغَافِلُ فَأتَعَشَّى فَيَضْرِبُ عَلَيَّ.

54-1 (The author of the book narrated) my father – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Sa’d ibn Abdullah quoted on the authority of Muhammad ibn Jazak, on the authority of Yasir – the servant, “There were servants in Abal Hassan Al-Reza’s (s) home who were Slavic and Roman. Abul Hassan’s (s) room was near theirs. One night Imam Al-Reza (s) heard them say in the Slavic and Roman languages, ‘We used to donate blood once a year when we were in our own towns. However, we have never donated any blood for the many years that we have been here.’ Then when the morning came, Abal Hassan Al-Reza (s) called in some doctors and told them to take blood from each of those servants. He precisely instructed the doctors as to which of the veins to use for each of the servants. Then he (s) told me, ‘O Yasir! You should not donate blood.’ However, I did not pay any attention to the Imam (s) and donated blood. However, my hand swelled up and turned purple. Al-Reza (s) asked me, ‘What has happened to you?’ I answered, ‘I donated blood.” The Imam (s) asked, ‘Did I not admonish you against donating blood? Please bring your hand forward.’ I put my hand forward. Then the Imam (s) rubbed his hands on my hand and spit on it. Then the Imam (s) ordered me not to eat dinner for a while. I tried not to eat dinner at night as much as I could. Whenever I failed to do so and ate something for dinner, that pain returned.”

ANALYSIS OF CHAIN

1- ALI BIN HUSSEIN 

Syed Tifrashi writes

علي بن الحسين بن موسى :
ابن بابويه القمي ، أبو الحسن شيخ القميين في عصره ومتقدّمهم وفقيههم وثقتهم ،

He is the sheikh of Qummis in his time, and their leader and faqih and thiqa

[Nuqd ur Rijal, 3/252]

2- SAAD BIN ABDULLAH QUMMI

Syed Tifrashi writes for him

سعد بن عبد الله بن أبي خلف :
الأشعري القمّي ، أبو القاسم ، شيخ هذه الطائفة وفقيهها ووجهها

He is the sheikh of shia sect, faqih and their identity 


[Nuqd ur Rijal, 2/310]

3- MOHAMMAD BIN JAZK UL JAMAL

Syed Tifrahi writes for him

محمّد بن جزك الجمال :
ثقة ، من أصحاب الهادي ( عليه السّلام ) ، رجال الشيخ

Thiqa from companions of Imam Hadi

[Nuqd, 4/158]

4- YASIR KHADIM OF IMAM RAZA

Agha Jawahiri writes for him

یاسر : روى عدة روایات – روى في تفسیر القمي عن
أبي الحسن الرضا ( ع ) فھو ثقة

He has narrated in Tafsir Qummi from Imam Raza asws, he is thiqa

CONCLUSION

sahih inshallah

NARRATION 2

Sudooq further mentions

2 – حَدَّثَنا أَبي رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ حَدَّثَنا سَعْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللَّه قالَ حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ أَبي عَبْدِ اللَّه البَرْقِي‏حَدَّثَنا أَبُو هاشِم داوُدِ بْنِ القاسِم الجَعْفَرِيِّ قالَ كُنْتُ أَتَغَدَّى مَعَ أَبِي الْحَسَنِ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ فَيَدْعُو بَعْضَ غِلْمَانِهِ بِالصَّقْلَبِيَّةِ وَالْفَارِسِيَّةِ وَرُبَّمَا بَعَثْتُ غُلامِي هَذَا بِشَيْ‏ءٍ مِنَ الْفَارِسِيَّةِ فَيُعَلِّمُهُ وَرُبَّمَا كَانَ يَنْغَلِقُ الْكَلامُ عَلَى غُلامِهِ بِالْفَارِسِيَّةِ فَيَفْتَحُ هُوَ عَلَى غُلامِهِ.

54-2 (The author of the book narrated) my father – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Sa’d ibn Abdullah quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Abi Abdullah al-Barqi, on the authority of Abu Hashem Dawood ibn Al-Qasim al-Ja’fari, “I used to eat lunch with Abal Hassan Al-Reza (s). Sometimes he (s) spoke to some of his servants in Slavic and Persian (Farsi) languages. Sometimes I sent my servant who spoke Persian to the Imam (s) and Al-Reza (s) knew Persian. Sometimes it became difficult for the servants to understand Persian. Then the Imam (s) used to explain things for them himself.

ANALYSIS OF CHAIN

the first two narrators are already mentioned before, so i will go to third narration

1- AHMAD BIN ABU ABDULLAH AL BARQI

Syed Tifrashi writes for him

وكان ثقة في نفسه

He was thiqa in his self

[Nuqd ur Rijal, 1/154-155]

2- DAOOD BIN QASIM BIN ISHAQ

Tifrashi writes for him

داود بن القاسم بن إسحاق :
ابن عبد الله بن جعفر بن أبي طالب ، أبو هاشم الجعفري رحمه الله ، كان عظيم المنزلة عند الأئمّة عليهم السلام

He had great status in view of Aimmah asws

ثقة (2) ، من أصحاب الرضا (3) والجواد (4) والهادي (5) والعسكري (6) عليهم السلام ، رجال الشيخ.

Thiqa and companion of Imam Raza, Jawad, Hadi, Askari {peace be on them all}

[Nuqd ur Rijal, 2/217-218]


CONCLUSION 

Sahih inshallah

NARRATION 3

Here is the last narration of the chapter & it gives an important information about the issue of Imamat; that is, their capability of knowing all the knowledges

3 – حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدِ بْنِ زِيادِ بْنِ جَعْفَر الهَمْدانِيَّ رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ حَدَّثَنا عَلِىِّ بْنِ إِبراهِيمِ بْنِ هاشِم عَنْ أَبي الصَّلْتِ الهَرَوِيِّ قالَ كَانَ الرِّضَا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ يُكَلِّمُ النَّاسَ بِلُغَاتِهِمْ وَكَانَ وَاللَّهِ أَفْصَحَ النَّاسِ وَأَعْلَمَهُمْ بِكُلِّ لِسَانٍ وَلُغَةٍ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ يَوْماً يَا ابْنَ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ إِنِّي لاعْجَبُ مِنْ مَعْرِفَتِكَ بِهَذِهِ اللُّغَاتِ عَلَى اخْتِلافِهَا فَقَالَ يَا أَبَا الصَّلْتِ أَنَا حُجَّةُ اللَّهِ عَلَى خَلْقِهِ وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيَتَّخِذَ حُجَّةً عَلَى قَوْمٍ وَهُوَ لا يَعْرِفُ لُغَاتِهِمْ أَوَمَا بَلَغَكَ قَوْلُ أَمِيرِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ أُوتِينَا فَصْلَ الْخِطَابِ فَهَلْ فَصْلُ الْخِطَابِ إِلا مَعْرِفَةُ اللُّغَاتِ.

54-3 Ahmad ibn Ziyad al-Hamadani – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Ali ibn Ibrahim ibn Hashem quoted on the authority of his father, on the authority of Aba Salt al-Harawi, “Al-Reza (s) spoke with people in their own languages. By God, he was the most eloquent and the most knowledgeable person in any language. One day I told him, ‘O son of the Prophet of God! I am amazed at your mastery over all these various languages.’ Al-Reza (s) said, ‘O Aba Salt! I am the Proof of God for His creatures. God would not designate a Proof for Himself to any nation who does not know their language. Have you not heard that Ali – the Commander of the Faithful (s) said?, ‘We have been granted elaborate speech.’ Then how can this be without mastery of all the languages?’”

ANALYSIS OF CHAIN

1- AHMAD BIN ZIYAD BIN JAFAR AL HAMDANI

sheikh of sudooq, with this tardee (رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ)

Tifrashi writes for him

احمد بن زياد بن جعفر : 
الهمذاني (4) ـ بالذال المعجمة ـ كان رجلا ثقة ، دينا فاضلا ، رضي الله عنه ،

He is a thiqa man, religious, great, may Allah be please with him

[Nuqd ur Rijal, 1/125]

2- ALI BIN IBRAHIM

Tifrashi writes for him

علي بن إبراهيم بن هاشم :
القمي (2) ، أبو الحسن القمي ، ثقة في الحديث ، ثبت ، معتمد ، صحيح المذهب

He is thiqa in hadeeth, Thabt, reliable, sahih in religion 

[Nuqd ur Rijal, 3/218]

3- IBRAHIM BIN HASHIM AL QUMMI

Agha Jawahiri writes for him


إبراھیم بن ھاشم أبو إسحاق القمي : لا ینبغي الشك في وثاقتھ

There is no doubt in his trustworthiness 

4- ABU SALAT AL HARWI 

his name is Abdul Salam bin Salih

Agha Jawahiri has written

عبد السلام بن صالح : أبو الصلت الھروي – ثقة

Thiqa

Tifrashi writes for him

عبد السلام بن صالح :
أبو الصلت الهروي ، روى عن الرضا عليه السلام ، ثقه ، صحيح الحديث

Thiqa, Sahih in hadeeth

[Nuqd ur Rijal, 3/59]


CONCLUSION

Sahih inshallah


So, there are three narrations in this chapter, all coming with authentic chains

Here is link for the book

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