Let us see some narrations in this regard from Al Kafi

 

NARRATION 1

3 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن هشام بن سالم، عن زرارة قال: قلت لابي جعفر (عليه السلام): أخبرني عن معرفة الامام منكم واجبة على

جميع الخلق؟ فقال: إن الله عزوجل بعث محمدا (صلى الله عليه وآله) إلى الناس أجمعين رسولا و حجة لله على جميع خلقه في أرضه، فمن آمن بالله وبمحمد رسول الله واتبعه وصدقه فإن معرفة الامام منا واجبة عليه، ومن لم يؤمن بالله وبرسوله ولم يتبعه ولم يصدقه ويعرف حقهما فكيف يجب عليه معرفة الامام وهو لا يؤمن بالله ورسوله ويعرف حقهما (1)؟! قال: قلت: فما تقول فيمن يؤمن بالله ورسوله ويصدق رسوله في جميع ما أنزل الله، يجب على اولئك حق معرفتكم؟ قال: نعم أليس هؤلاء يعرفون فلانا وفلانا قلت: بلى، قال: أترى أن الله هو الذي أوقع في قلوبهم معرفة هؤلاء؟ والله ما أوقع ذلك في قلوبهم إلا الشيطان، لا والله ما ألهم المؤمنين حقنا إلا اله عزوجل.

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from al-Hassan ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Zurara who has said the following.
“I said to abu Ja’far (a.s.), ‘Is knowing the Imam from among you obligatory on all creatures?’” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, sent Muhammad to all people as His Messenger and as His authority over all creatures on earth. Those who have faith in Allah and that Muhammad is His Messenger and have followed him and have acknowledged his message on such people it is obligatory to the Imam from us. Those who do not have faith in Allah and in His messenger and who do not follow him and do not acknowledge him and do not acknowledge the rights of Allah and His messenger then knowing the Imam (a.s.) would be obligatory on them? They do not have faith in Allah and in His messenger, do not follow him and do not acknowledge their rights.” I then asked, “What would you say about those who have faith in Allah and His messenger who acknowledge His messenger in all the matters that have come from Allah, is it obligatory for them to know the Imam (a.s.) from you?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Yes, it is obligatory. Do they not know so and so?” I said, “yes, they do.” The Imam (a.s.) then said, “Do you think Allah is the one who has placed such knowledge in their hearts? No, I swear to Allah that no one other than Satan has placed such knowledge in their hearts. I swear to Allah that no one other than Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has inspired our rights in hearts of the believers.”

Reference:-

1- Al Kafi, 1/181-182

2- Usool e Kafi, urdu translation,  2/31

 

Authenticity 

 

1-Majlisi terms the hadeeth Sahih

{Miraat ul Uqool, 2/302}

 

2- Mohaqiq Behraini terms it Sahih

{Hadaiq un Nazira, 3/39}

 

NARRATION 2

 

8 – محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عن العلاء بن رزين عن محمد بن مسلم قال: سمعت أبا جعفر (عليه السلام) يقول: كل من دان الله عزوجل بعبادة يجهد فيها نفسه ولا إمام له من الله فسعيه غير مقبول، وهو ضال متحير والله شانئ (2) لاعماله، ومثله كمثل شاة ضلت عن راعيها وقطيعها، فهجمت (3) ذاهبة وجائية يومها، فلما جنها (4) الليل بصرت بقطيع غنم مع راعيها، فحنت إليها واغترت بها، فباتت معها في مربضها فلما أن ساق الراعى قطيعه أنكرت راعيها وقطيعها، فهجمت متحيرة تطلب راعيها وقطيعها،

فبصرت بغنم مع راعيها فحنت إليها واغترت بها (1) فصاح بها الراعي: الحقي براعيك، وقطيعك فأنت تائهة متحيرة عن راعيك وقطيعك، فهجمت ذعرة، متحيرة، تائهة، لا راعي لها يرشدها إلى مرعاها أو يردها، فبينا هي كذلك إذا اغتنم الذئب ضيعتها، فأكلها، وكذلك والله يا محمد من أصبح من هذه الامة لا إمام له من الله عزوجل ظاهر عادل، أصبح ضالا تائها، وإن مات على هذه الحالة مات ميتة كفر ونفاق، و اعلم يا محمد أن أئمة الجور وأتباعهم لمعزولون عن دين الله قد ضلوا وأضلوا فأعمالهم التي يعملونها كرماد اشتدت به الريح في يوم عاصف، لا يقدرون مما كسبوا على شئ، ذلك هو الضلال البعيد.

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Safwan ibn Yahyafrom al-‘Ala’ ibn Razin from Muhammad ibn Muslim who has said the following.
“I heard abu Ja’far (a.s.) saying, ‘Whoever would worship Allah in the expectation for reward and work hard but without having an Imam for himself his efforts would not be received acceptance. Such person is last and straying and Allah would dislike his deeds. The example of such person is like that of a lost sheep who would stray away from her herd. She would wonder around during the day and at nightfall she would see a different flock of sheep with a shepherd and she would glad and affectionately join it thinking it to be like her own flock. She would pass the night in their barn but in the morning when the shepherd let the flock out she could not recognize her flock and shepherd and begin to wonder in search for her own flock and shepherd and saw a flock and a shepherd. She then would rush to the flock with great interest but the shepherd shouted, ‘Go to your own flock and shepherd because you are lost and wondering.’ She then would run back and forth lost and wondering without a shepherd to show her the grazing areas and the barn. At such time a wolf would seize the opportunity and would kill her to eat. Just the same is the case, O Muhammad, those people of this ’Ummah (nation) who has no Imam from Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, who iS in public and possessing the noble quality of justice. Such people are lost and straying. If such people would in such a condition their death would be like that of an unbeliever and hypocrite. O Muhammad, take notice that the unjust Imams and their followers are far away from the religion of Allah. They have lost the right path and have mislead the others. The deeds that they are like dust blown away by the winds in a stormy day. They would remain helpless and unable to benefit from their deeds. Such is straying far away from the right path.”

 

Reference:-

1- Al kafi, 1/184-185

2- Usool e kafi, 2/34-35

 

Authenticity 

 

1- Majlisi terms it Sahih {Miraat ul Uqool, 2/313}

 

2- Sheikh Hadi says about the narration

الرواية صحيحة الإسناد.

Narration is sahih in sanad

{Musa’at Ahadeeth Ahlulbait, 6/7}

 

3- Syed Khoi terms it Sahih {Kitab us Saum, 1/424}

 

NARRATION 3

 

13 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن محمد بن إسماعيل، عن منصور بن يونس، عن بريد قال: سمعت أبا جعفر (عليه السلام) يقول في قول الله تبارك وتعالى: ” أو من كان ميتا فأحييناه وجعلنا له نورا يمشي به في الناس (2) ” فقال: ” ميت ” لا يعرف شيئا و ” نورا يمشي به في الناس “: إماما يؤتم به ” كمن مثله في الظلمات ليس بخارج منها ” قال: الذي لا يعرف الامام.

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from ahmad ibn Muhammad from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il from Mansur ibn Yunus from Burayd who has said that he heard Imam abu Ja’far (a.s.) said the following about the words of Allah, “Can the dead to whom We have given life and light so that they may walk among the people, be considered equal to those who can never come out of darkness?” (6:122) The dead do not understand anything ‘The light by the help of which they walk’ is the Imam that they follow.’ “be considered equal to those who can never come out of darkness” applies to those who do not know who their Imam is.”

 

Reference:-

 

1- Al Kafi, 1/186

 

Authenticity 

 

Majlisi terms it Mauthiq/trustworthy {Miraat ul Uqool, 2/321}

 

 

 

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