I have already written about this before over here. Let me share another one

4 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب، عن الحسن بن نعيم الصحاف قال: سألت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام عن قول الله عز وجل: ” فمنكم مؤمن ومنكم كافر  ” فقال:
عرف الله إيمانهم بولايتنا وكفرهم بها، يوم أخذ عليهم الميثاق في صلب آدم عليه السلاموهم ذر.

H , Ch. 108, h 4


Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from al-Hassan ibn Nu‘aym al-Sahhaf who has said the following. “I asked abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) about the words of Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious. “. . .some of you have accepted the faith and some of you have not.. . .” (64:2)
The Imam (a.s.) said, “On the day that Allah made all the offspring of Adam to make a covenant with Him when they were just small particles He made faith our Wilaya,(Leadership with Divine Authority) the standard for faith and disbelief.”

References:-

1- Al Kafi, 1/413 & Urdu version, 2/439

2- Basair ud Darajat, page 81

3- Bihar ul Anwaar, 5/234

4- Mokhtasir Basair ud Darajat, page 164

5- Tafsir Qummi, in tafsir of 64/2

Authenticity 

Allama Majlisi terms it Hasan

[Miraat ul Uqool, 5/10]

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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