This article is taken from the work of brother Ibn Hasan, and it can be seen here

This article is about how Imam appoint his succcessor during his lifetime and ask their companion to follow him after me. This Chain of Succession was Started by our Noble Prophet Muhammed (sawas) and after that every Imam before dying or during his presence nominated the succeeding Imam and this chain of succession came to an end after our final Imam was elected. Who Shall fill this earth with Justice ie Imam Al-Qaim(as) (may Allah hasten the reapperence of our imam). Thus this fulfill the prophecy of 12 Guided Caliphs by our Prophet.Now let us see the Narration which shows how every Imam was appointed.

HOLY PROPHET’S (SAWAS) APPOINTMENT OF IMAM ALI(as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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66 – محمد بن أحمد بن يحيى عن محمد بن الحسين عن الحجال عن عبد الصمد بن بشير عن حسان الجمال قال: حملت أبا عبد الله عليه السلام من المدينة إلى مكة، قال: فلما انتهينا إلى مسجد الغدير نظر في ميسرة المسجد فقال: ذاك موضع قدم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله حيث قال: من كنت مولاه فعلي مولاه اللهم وال من والاه وعاد من عاداه، ثم نظر في الجانب الآخر فقال: هذا موضع فسطاط أبي فلان وفلان وسالم مولى أبي حذيفة وأبي عبيدة بن الجراح فلما ان رأوه رافعا يده قال: بعضهم انظروا إلى عينيه تدوران كأنهما عينا مجنون فنزل جبرئيل عليه السلام بهذه الآية (وإن يكاد الذين كفروا ليزلقونك بأبصارهم لما سمعوا الذكر ويقولون انه لمجنون وما هو إلا ذكر للعالمين) ثم قال: يا حسان لولا انك جمالي لما حدثتك بهذا الحديث.
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Mohammad bin Ahmed bin Yahya from Mohammad bin Hussein from Hujjal from Abdus Samad bin Basher from Hassan ul Jamal who said:
I was accompanying Abu Adullah(as) from Madina to Mecca and when we reached Masjid-e-Ghadeer and Imam looked at it, he said, “This is the foothold of holy prophet (sawas) where he had said “Whosoever I am Master of, Ali is also his Master” and then he looked at one end and said,”That is where Abu fulan(Abu bakar) and fulan(Umar) and Salam freed slave of Abu Hudaifa and Abu Ubaida bin Jarah after seeing holy prophet raising Ali, told each other that “look at his eyes, as if he is mujnoon(mad)” Jibrail then descended and revealed this Verse, “And those who disbelieve would almost smite you with their eyes when they hear the reminder, and they say: Most surely he is mad. And it is Naught but a reminder to the nations.”(68:51,52)
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Grading:
  1. Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Malādh al-akhyār 5/499)
  2. Majlisi: “Apparently Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool 18/283)*
  3. Majlisi I:”Saheeh” (Rawdah al-Muttaqīn 5/316)
  4. Hadi Najafi:”Saheeh Sanad” (Mawsu’at Ahadith Ahl al-Bayt 8/24)

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*In Al-Kafi this hadeeth is having slightly different Chain
**Majlisi said in Malādh al-akhyār that Abu Fulan is Abu Bakr and Fulan is Umar
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4 – علي بن إبراهيم، عن ابيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن عمر بن اذينة، عن زرارة والفضيل بن يسار، وبكير بن أعين ومحمد بن مسلم وبريد بن معاوية وأبي الجارود جميعا عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: أمر الله عزوجل رسوله بولاية علي وأنزل عليه ” إنما وليكم الله ورسوله والذين آمنوا الذين يقيمون الصلاة ويؤتون الزكاة ” وفرض ولاية أولي الامر، فلم يدروا ما هي، فأمر الله محمدا صلى الله عليه وآله أن يفسر لهم الولاية، كما فسر لهم الصلاة، والزكاة والصوم والحج، فلما أتاه ذلك من الله، ضاق بذلك صدر رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وتخوف أن يرتدوا عن دينهم وأن يكذبوه فضاق صدره وراجع ربه عزوجل فأوحى الله عزوجل إليه ” يا أيها الرسول بلغ ما أنزل إليك من ربك وإن لم تفعل فما بلغت رسالته والله يعصمك من الناس(3) ” فصدع بأمر الله تعالى ذكره فقام بولاية علي عليه السلام يوم غدير خم، فنادى الصلاة جامعة(4) وأمر الناس أن يبلغ الشاهد الغائب.
– قال عمر بن اذنية: قالوا جميعا غير أبي الجارود – وقال أبوجعفر عليه السلام: وكانت الفريضة تنزل بعد الفريضة الاخرى وكانت الولاية آخر الفرائض، فأنزل الله عزوجل ” اليوم أكملت لكم دينكم وأتممت عليكم نعمتي(5) ” قال أبوجعفر عليه السلام: يقول الله عزوجل: لا انزل عليكم بعد هذه فريضة، قد أكملت لكم الفرائض.
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Ali ibn Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abu ‘Umayr from ‘Umar ibn Udhayna from Zurara and Fudayl ibn Yasar and Bukayr ibn A’yan and Muhammad ibn Muslim and Burayd ibn Mu‘awiya and abu a1-Jarud, all have said that abu Ja’far, recipient of divine supreme covenant, has said the following:
“Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Gracious, commanded His Messenger to declare the Leadership with Divine Authority of Ali, recipient of divine supreme covenant, and sent down to him this: ‘Only Allah, His Messenger, and (also) the true believers who are steadfast in prayer and pay alms, while they kneel during prayer (in Ruku’), are your guardians (with Divine Authority).’ (5:55) He made obedience to those in authority obligatory. The people did not know who they were. Allah commanded Muhammad, recipient of divine supreme covenant, to interpret (and explain) the ‘Authority’ for them as he had interpreted (and explained) Prayer, Zakat , Fasting and Hajj. When this command (to obey those who possess Divine Authority) came to him from Allah, the Messenger of Allah felt pressured (and afraid of people’s abandoning their religion). He prayed to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Gracious, about it and Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Gracious, revealed to him this: ‘O Messenger, preach what is revealed to you from your Lord. If you do not preach, it will be as though you have not conveyed My message. Allah protects you from men. He does not guide the unbelieving people.’ (5:67) He executed the command of Allah, Most Exalted is Whose mention, and declared that Ali, recipient of divine supreme covenant, had received Divine Authority for leadership over His creatures. He made this declaration on the day of Ghadir-e Khumm (18th of Dhu al-Hajja). After the prayer in congregation he convened the command and asked people present to bear testimony and inform those who were absent.
“‘Umar ibn ’Udhayna has said, ‘All, except abu al-Jarud, have narrated this Hadith.’
“Abu Ja‘far, recipient of divine supreme covenant, said: ‘One commandment would come after the other and the commandment about Leadership and Guardianship with Divine Authority was the last of such commandments. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Gracious, then sent down this: ‘On this day I have perfected your religion, completed My favors to you, and chosen Islam as your religion. . . .’ (5:3) Abu Ja‘far, recipient of divine supreme covenant, said, ‘Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most Gracious, said, ‘I will not send down any other commandments thereafter. I have completed for you the commandments.’”
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Grading:
  1. Majlisi:”Hasan” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/250)
  2. Hadi Najafi:”Saheeh Sanad” (Mawsu’at Ahadith Ahl al-Bayt 8/415)
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عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن ابن محبوب، عن هشام بن سالم، عن يزيد الكناسي، قال: سألت أبا جعفر عليه السلام ….. فقلت: جعلت فداك أكان علي عليه السلام حجة من الله ورسوله على هذه الامة في حياة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله؟ فقال: نعم يوم أقامه للناس ونصبه علما ودعاهم إلى ولايته وأمرهم بطاعته، قلت: وكانت طاعة علي عليه السلام واجبة على الناس في حياة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وبعد وفاته؟ فقال: نعم ولكنه صمت فلم يتكلم مع رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وكانت الطاعة لرسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله على امته وعلى علي عليه السلام في حياة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وكانت الطاعة من الله ومن رسوله على الناس كلهم لعلي عليه السلام بعد وفاة رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وكان علي عليه السلام حكيما عالما.
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A number of our people have narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from ibn Mahbub from Hisham ibn Salim from Yazid al-Kunasiyy who has said the following.
“I asked abu Ja‘far (as)…..”May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, did Ali (as) possess Divine authority from Allah and His Messenger over this nation (Muslims) during the life time of the Messenger of Allah?” He said, “Yes, but he kept silent and did not speak along with the Messenger of Allah. At that time, during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allah, obedience was of the rights of the Messenger of Allah over the ’Umma (nation) and over Ali (as). Obedience to the authority of Allah and the Messenger of Allah over the people as a whole was obligatory to Ali (as) after the death of the Messenger of Allah. Ali (as) was a very wise and knowledgeable person.”
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Grading:Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool 4/242)
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IMAM ALI’S APPOINTMENT OF HIS  SON IMAM HASAN(as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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This is a will of a creature of Allah, Ali son of Abu Taalib (a). It instructs (his heirs) how to spend his property only to gain the Blessings of Allah so that Allah may grant him peace and allow him to enter His Paradise. After me my son Hasan (a) will be the administrator, executor and testator of my property. He can spend it according to the laws of Islam in helping the poor, destitute and the needy in accordance with the canons ordained by Allah. If anything happens to Hasan (a) and Husayn (a) is alive after him, then he will be the next executor and testator and should act according to the spirit of the instructions given herein. Verily, for the two sons of Fatima (a), Hasan and Husayn (a), the share out of my property is equal to the shares of my other sons (being Imams they should not be barred from taking their share and at the same time their share cannot be more on account of their being administrators and executors). I have appointed sons of Fatima (a) executors to please Allah and out of respect and love that I bear towards the Holy Prophet (a) and his daughter (peace of Allah be upon them and their descendants).

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Source:Nahjul Balagha, Letter 24
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14 عنه عن حماد بن عيسى عن عمرو بن شمر عن جابر عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام، وإبراهيم بن عمر عن ابان رفعه إلى سليم بن قيس الهلالي رضي الله عنه قال سليم: شهدت وصية أمير المؤمنين عليه السلام حين أوصى إلى ابنه الحسن، واشهد على وصيته الحسين عليه السلام ومحمدا وجميع ولده ورؤساء شيعته وأهل بيته، ثم دفع الكتاب إليه والسلاح ثم قال لابنه الحسن: يا بني أمرني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ان أوصي إليك وان ادفع إليك كتبي وسلاحي كما أوصى إلي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ودفع إلي كتبه وسلاحه، وأمرني أن آمرك إذا حضرك الموت ان تدفع ذلك إلى أخيك الحسين، قال: ثم اقبل على ابنه الحسين فقال: وأمرك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ان تدفعه إلى ابنك هذا ثم أخذ بيد ابن ابنه علي بن الحسين وهو صبي فضمه إليه ثم قال: لعلي بن الحسين يا بني وأمرك رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ان تدفعه إلى ابنك محمد بن علي فاقرأه من رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله ومني السلام
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From Hammad bin Isa from Amr ibn Shimr form Jabr from Abu Jaafar peace be upon him,And Ibrahim bin Omar from Aban from which elevated till Sulaym ibn Qays who has said the following:
“I witnessed (Amir al-Mu’minin) Ali’s, recipient of divine supreme covenant, will made before me in which he appointed his son, al-Hassan, recipient of divine supreme covenant, as the executor of his will. He called al-Husayn, recipient of divine supreme covenant, Muhammad and all his other sons, all the leaders among his followers and his whole family to bear testimony to his will. He then delivered the Book and the Armament to his son al-Hassan, recipient of divine supreme covenant, and said, ‘My son, the Messenger of Allah commanded me to appoint you as the executor of my will. (He commanded me) to deliver to you my Books and my Armament just as the Messenger of Allah did. He made his will in which he appointed me as the executor, delivered to me his Books and his Armament and commanded me to command you to deliver them to al-Husayn, recipient of divine supreme covenant, when you are about to leave this world. Then he turned to his son, al-Husayn, recipient of divine supreme covenant, and said, ‘The Messenger of Allah has commanded you to deliver them to your son, this one.’ Then he held with his hand Ali ibn al-Husayn, recipient of divine supreme covenant, and said to him, ‘The Messenger of Allah has commanded you to deliver them to your son, Muhammad ibn Ali and convey to him the greeting of the Messenger of Allah and my greeting.’”
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Grading:
  1. Majlisi I:”Saheeh” (Rawdah al-Muttaqīn 11/37)
  2. Majlisi:”Hasan ala Dhaahir” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/291)*
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*It is also narrated from al-Kafi with different chain
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 4 – أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن سيف، عن أبي بكر، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام أن عليا صلوات الله عليه وآله حين سار إلى الكوفة، استودع ام سلمة كتبه والوصية فلما رجع الحسن دفعتها إليه “.
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Ahmad ibn Muhammad has narrated from Ali ibn al-Hakam from Sayf from abu Bakr from abu ‘Abd Allah, recipient of divine supreme covenant, who has said the following:
“When (Amir al-Mu’minin) Ali, recipient of divine supreme covenant, was about to leave for Kufa he left in ’Umm Salama’s trust his books and his will. When al-Hassan, recipient of divine supreme covenant, returned to Madina she delivered all of them to him.”
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Grading:Majlisi:”Hasan” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/293)
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IMAM HASAN ‘S APPOINTMENT OF HIS BROTHER IMAM HUSSAIN (as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR 
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5 – أحمد بن محمد ومحمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسن، عن يعقوب بن يزيد، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن رجاله، عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام قال: إن الحسن عليه السلام قال: إن لله مدينتين إحداهما بالمشرق والاخرى بالمغرب، عليهما سور من حديد وعلى كل واحد منهما ألف ألف مصراع وفيها سبعون ألف ألف لغة، يتكلم كل لغة بخلاف لغة صاحبها وأنا أعرف جميع اللغات وما فيهما وما بينهما، وما عليهما حجة غيري وغير الحسين أخي.
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Ahmad ibn Muhammad and Muhammad ibn Yahya have narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Hassan from Ya‘qub ibn Yazid from ibn abu ‘Umayr from his people from abu ‘Abdallah  who has said the following:
“Al-Hassan  has said, ‘Allah has two cities. One is in the east and the other is in the west. They have a boundary around them that is made of iron and each one has a million doors. Seventy million languages exist therein and I know all those languages and all that is therein. There is no one who would possess Leadership with Divine Authority except me and my brother, al-Husayn ’
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Grading:Majlisi:Saheeh (Mirat ul Uqool 5/357)
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IMAM HUSSAIN’S (as) APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON ALI BIN HUSSAIN (as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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5 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب عن علي بن رئاب، عن أبي عبيدة وزرارة جميعا، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) قال: لما قتل الحسين (عليه السلام) أرسل محمد بن الحنفية إلى علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام) فخلا به فقال له: يا ابن أخي قد علمت أن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) دفع الوصية والامامة من بعده إلى أمير المؤمنين (عليه السلام) ثم إلى الحسن (عليه السلام)، ثم إلى الحسين (عليه السلام) وقد قتل أبوك رضي الله عنه وصلي على روحه ولم يوص، وأنا عمك وصنو أبيك وولادتي من علي (عليه السلام) في سني وقديمي أحق بها منك في حداثتك، فلا تنازعني في الوصية والامامة ولا تحاجني، فقال له علي بن الحسين (عليه السلام): يا عم اتق الله ولا تدع ما ليس لك بحق إني أعظك أن تكون من الجاهلين، إن أبي يا عم صلوات الله عليه أوصى إلي قبل أن يتوجه إلى العراق وعهد إلي في ذلك قبل أن يستشهد بساعة، وهذا سلاح رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) عندي، فلا تتعرض لهذا، فإني أخاف عليك نقص العمر وتشتت الحال، إن الله عزوجل جعل الوصية والامامة في عقب الحسين (عليه السلام) فإذا اردت أن تعلم ذلك فانطلق بنا إلى الحجر الاسود حتى نتحاكم إليه ونسأله عن ذلك قال أبوجعفر (عليه السلام): وكان الكلام بينهما بمكة، فانطلقا حتى أتيا الحجر الاسود، فقال علي بن الحسين لمحمد بن الحنفية: ابدأ أنت فابتهل إلى الله عزوجل وسله أن ينطق لك الحجر ثم سل، فابتهل محمد في الدعاء وسأل الله ثم دعا الحجر فلم يجبه، فقال علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام): يا عم لو كنت وصيا وإماما لاجابك، قال له محمد: فادع الله أنت يا ابن أخي وسله، فدعا الله علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام) بما أراد ثم قال: أسألك بالذي جعل فيك ميثاق الانبياء وميثاق الاوصياء وميثاق الناس أجمعين لما أخبرتنا من الوصي و الامام بعد الحسين بن علي (عليه السلام)؟ قال: فتحرك الحجر حتى كاد ان يزول عن موضعه، ثم أنطقه الله عزوجل بلسان عربي مبين، فقال: اللهم إن الوصية والامامة بعد الحسين ابن علي (عليهما السلام) إلى علي بن الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب وابن فاطمة بنت رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) قال: فانصرف محمد بن علي وهو يتولى علي بن الحسين (عليه السلام).
علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن حريز، عن زرارة، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) مثله

 

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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from Ali
ibn Ri’ab from abu ‘Ubayda and Zurara from abu Ja’far (a.s.) who has said the following.”When al-Husayn (a.s.) was martyred, Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiya asked Ali ibn al-Husayn(a.s.) for a private meeting. In the meeting he said, “O son of my brother, you know that the Messenger of Allah (s.a) delivered the task of al-Wasiyya, (the executor-ship of the will) and al-Imamat, (Leadership with Divine Authority) thereafter it was delivered to al-Hassan (a.s.) and then to al-Husayn (a.s.). Your father, may Allah be pleased with him has been murdered, may Allah grant blessing up on his soul, and he did make any will. I am your uncle and equal in status to your father and I am a son of Ali (a.s.). Because of being older in age I am more deserving of the the position of Imamat considering that you are younger than me. Therefore, you should not dispute with me about al-Wasiyya, the will and Imamat, leadership and should argue with me about it.” Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) said, “O uncle, be pious before Allah and do not claim in what you have no right. I advise not to be of the ignorant people. In fact, my father (Hussain) (a.s.), O my uncle, appointed me as the executor of his will before his leaving for Iraq. He made such covenant with me just an hour before his becoming a martyr. This is the Armament of the Messenger of Allah with me. You then should not dislocate them. I am afraid for you of a shorter life and quandary of conditions. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, has placed al-Wasiyya, and Imamat in the descendants of al-Husayn (a.s.). If you would like to know it we can go near the Blackstone and fro judgment and ask it about the issue.” Abu Ja’far (a.s.) has said that the issue came up between them in Makka and they went near the Blackstone. Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) said to Muhammad al-Hanafiya, “You begin first and pray to Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, and ask Him to make the Blackstone speak to you and then ask your question.” Muhammad then pleaded in his prayer and asked Allah and then ask the Blackstone about the disputed issue but there was no answer. Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) said, “O uncle, had you been the Executor of the will and the Imam it would have answered your question. Muhammad then said, “Now you pray to Allah, O son of my brother and ask your question. Alin ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) prayed to Allah for what he wanted then addressing the Blackstone said, “I ask you for the sake of the One Who placed the covenant of the prophets in you, as well as the covenant of the executors of the will and the covenant of all the peole. You must tell us who the Wasiyy and Imam after al-Husayn (a.s.)?” The narrator has said that the Blackstone began to shake so much that it almost camme out of its place. Allah, the Most Majestic, the Most gracious, then made it to speak in clear Arabic language and said, “O Lord, al-Wasiyya and Imamat after al-Husayn (a.s.) ibn Ali is for Ali ibn al-Husayn ibn Ali aibn abu Talib and ibn Fatima (a.s.) daughter of the the Messenger of Allah.” The narrator has said that Muhammad Ali (a.s.) returned back and he acknowledged Ali ibn al-Husayn (a.s.) to be his Wali (Leadership with Divine Authority).”

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Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 348, H 5

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Grading:

  1. Majlisi:Saheeh (Mirat ul Uqool 4/84)
  2. Hadi Najafi:”Saheeh Sanad” (Mawsu’at Ahadith Ahl al-Bayt 9/262)
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50 – سعد، عن محمد بن عيسى بن عبيد، عن حماد بن عيسى، عن إسماعيل بن جعفر: عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام، قال: جاء رجل إلى أبي عبدالله عليه السلام،فسأله عن الائمة عليهم السلام، فسماهم حتى انتهى إلى ابنه، ثم قال: والامر هكذا يكون، والارض لا تصلح إلا بامام، قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: (من ماتلا يعرف إمامه، مات ميتة جاهلية) ثلاث مرات.
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50 – Sa`d from Muhammad b. `Isa b. `Ubayd from Hammad b. `Isa from Isma`il b. Ja`far from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام.  He said: A man came to Abu `Abdillah(al-Hussain) عليه السلام and asked him about the Imams عليهم السلام.  So he named them until he reached his son.  Then he said: And thus is the affair, and the Earth is not made right but with an Imam.  The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وآله said “Whoever dies and does not recognize his Imam, dies the death of Jahiliyya” three times.
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Grading:Saheeh
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IMAM ALI BIN HUSSAIN’S APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON MUHAMMAD IBN ALI AL-BAQIR(as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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575 / 9 – حدثنا محمد بن الحسن (رضي الله عنه)، قال: حدثنا عبد الله بن جعفر الحميري، قال: حدثنا يعقوب بن يزيد، قال: حدثنا محمد بن أبي عمير، عن أبان بن عثمان، عن الصادق جعفر بن محمد (عليهما السلام)، قال: إن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) قال ذات يوم لجابر بن عبد الله الانصاري: يا جابر، إنك ستبقى حتى تلقى ولدي محمد بن علي بن الحسين بن علي بن أبي طالب، المعروف في التوراة بالباقر فإذا لقيته فأقرئه مني السلام. فدخل جابر إلى علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام) فوجد محمد بن علي (عليهما السلام) عنده غلاما، فقال له، يا غلام، أقبل. فأقبل، ثم قال له: أدبر. فأدبر، فقال جابر: شمائل رسول الله ورب الكعبة، ثم أقبل على علي بن الحسين (عليهما السلام) فقال له، من هذا؟ قال: هذا ابني، وصاحب الامر بعدي محمد الباقر. فقام جابر فوقع على قدميه يقبلهما، ويقول: نفسي لنفسك الفداء يا بن رسول الله، اقبل سلام أبيك، إن رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) يقرأ عليك السلام. قال: فدمعت عينا أبي جعفر (عليه السلام)، ثم قال: يا جابر، على أبي رسول الله (صلى الله عليه وآله) السلام ما دامت السماوات والارض، وعليك – يا جابر – بما بلغت السلام (1)

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Muhammad ibn al-Hasan (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated from Abdullah bin Ja’far Hameeri, who narrated from Yaqub ibn Yazid from Muhammad ibn Abi Amir, from Aban ibn ‘Uthman, from Imam Jafer Sadiq (pbuh) who narrates that one day Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) said to Jabir bin Abdullah Ansari “you will stay alive until you meet my son Mohammad bin Ali bin Hosein bin Ali bin Abi Talib (pbuh)who is mentioned in the Torah as baqir. Give him my salutation (salam) when you meet him”. One day when Jabir visited Imam Zain-ul-Abideen (pbuh), he saw the young boy sitting next to the Imam (pbuh). He addressed the young boy and asked him to come closer and show his back. Then he proclaimed that by God, that young boy had the features and traits of the Prophet Mohammad (pbuh). Then he asked Imam Sajjad (pbuh) who the young boy was and Imam (pbuh) replied that he was his son and the successor to the Imamate and his name was Mohammad baqir (pbuh). Hearing this, Jabir rose up and kissed the young Imam and said “Son of Prophet (pbuh), may I be taken ransom for you, accept the salutation (salam) of Prophet (pbuh). He asked me to convey it to you”. Imam Jafer Sadiq (pbuh) states that his father burst into tears on hearing this and said “Jabir my salutation to my grand father until this sky and earth survives. You conveyed the salam of my grandfather to me so I convey my salam to you as well”

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Source: Al-Amali by Sheikh Sadooq,Pg 434,H 9

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Grading: al-Wahid al-Khurasani:”Saheeh” (Muqaddimah fi usul al-din,Pg 379 )

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IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN ALI AL-BAQIR’S APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON JAFAR IBN MUHAMMAD AS-SADIQ(as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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7 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب، عن هشام بن سالم، عن جابر بن يزيد الجعفي، عن أبي جعفر (عليه السلام) قال: سئل عن القائم (عليه السلام) فضرب بيده على أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) فقال: هذا والله قائم آل محمد (صلى الله عليه وآله)، قال عنبسة: فلما قبض أبوجعفر (عليه السلام) دخلت على أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) فأخبرته بذلك، فقال صدق جابر، ثم قال: لعلكم ترون أن ليس كل إمام هو القائم بعد الامام الذي كان قبله.

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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn Mahbub from
Hisham ibn Salim from Jabur ibn Yazid al-Ju‘fiy who has said the following. “A question was asked (from abu Ja‘far (a.s.) about al-Qa’im (the twelfth Imam (a.s.). He (abu Ja‘far) tapped (at the shoulder of) abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) and said, “This, by Allah, is the Qa’im (one who will establish the kingdom of Allah) of the family of Muhammad (s.a.).” ‘Anbasa has said, “when abu Ja‘far passed away, went to see abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) and told him of what I had heard (from Jabur). The Imam (a.s.) said, “Jabur has spoken the truth.” He then said, “You perhaps think that the every succeeding Imam after a preceding Imam is not al-Qa’im (also meaning the one who obeys and serves Allah).”

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Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 307, H 7

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Grading: Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/328)

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2 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن سالم، عن أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) قال: لما حضرت أبي (عليه السلام) الوفاة قال: يا جعفر اوصيك بأصحابي خيرا، قلت: جعلت فداك والله لادعنهم – والرجل منهم يكون في المصر – فلا يسأل أحدا.

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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from ibn abu ‘Umayr from Hisham ibn Salim from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following. “When myfather was about to leave this world he said, “O Ja‘far, I recommend you to be good to my companions.” I then said, “May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, by Allah, I will educated them as such that in any city where any of them would live he would not need to ask others for knowledge (of religion).”

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Source: Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 306, H 2

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Grading:Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool  3/326)

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IMAM JAFAR IBN MUHAMMAD’S APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON MUSA IBN JAFAR KAZIM(as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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12 – أحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن عبدالجبار، عن صفوان، عن ابن مسكان عن سليمان بن خالد قال دعا أبوعبدالله (عليه السلام) أبا الحسن (عليه السلام) يوما ونحن عنده فقال لنا: عليكم بهذا، فهو والله صاحبكم بعدي.

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Ahmad ibn Idris has narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from Safwan from ibn Muskan from Sulayman ibn Khalid who has said the following. “Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) one day called abu al-Hassan (a.s.) while we were in his presence and said to us, “You must take hold of this man. He, by Allah, will be your Master after me.”

 

Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 310, H 12

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Grading:Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/337)

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2 عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن علي بن الحكم، عن أبي أيوب الخزاز، عن ثبيت عن معاذ بن كثير، عن ابي عبدالله (عليه السلام) قال: قلت له: أسأل الله الذي رزق أباك منك هذه المنزلة أن يرزقك من عقبك قبل الممات مثلها، فقال:
قد فعل الله ذلك قال: قلت: من هو – جعلت فداك -؟ فأشار إلى العبد الصالح (1) وهو راقد فقال: هذا الراقد وهو غلام.

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A number of our people has narrated Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Ali ibn al-Hakam from
abu Ayyub al-Khazzaz from Thubayt from that Mu‘dh ibn Kathir who has said the following.”I said to abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.), ‘I pray to Allah who has granted your father because of you such a high position to grant you also such high position through your successor before you will leave this world.” He then said, “Allah has already granted such favor.” The narrator has said that he then asked the Imam (a.s.), “Who is he, ‘May Allah take my soul in service for your cause?” He pointed out towards the pious servant (of Allah), who was asleep, saying this
man who is asleep.” He was a young boy.”

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Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 308, H 2

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Grading: Majlisi:”Hasan” (Mirat ul Uqool  3/330)

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6 – علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي نجران، عن صفوان الجمال، عن أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) قال: قال له منصور بن حازم: بأبي أنت وامي إن الانفس يغدا عليها ويراح، فإذا كان ذلك فمن؟ فقال أبوعبدالله (عليه السلام): إذا كان ذلك فهو صاحبكم وضرب بيده على منكب أبي الحسن (عليه السلام) الايمن – في ما أعلم – وهو يومئذ خماسي وعبدالله بن جعفر جالس معنا.

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Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father from ibn abu Najran from Safwan al-Jammal from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.). Safwan has said the following. “Mansur ibn Hazim said to him, ‘May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, the (human) souls pass through mornings and evenings if that (death for you) comes then who (will be the Imam)?” Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) then said, “If that happens then he is your companion.” He tapped the right shoulder of abu al-Hassan with his hand, as I know. He was five (feet tall or years old) at that time and ‘Abdallah ibn Ja‘far was also present with us.”

 

Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 309, H 6

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Grading:

  1. Majlisi:”Hasan” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/333)
  2. Tabrizi:”Saheeh” (Risalah fe Imamah,pg 8)
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9 – محمد بن يحيى وأحمد بن إدريس، عن محمد بن عبدالجبار، عن الحسن بن الحسين، عن أحمد بن الحسن الميثمي، عن فيض بن المختار في حديث طويل في أمر أبي الحسن (عليه السلام) (1) حتى قال له أبوعبدالله (عليه السلام): هو صاحبك الذي سألت عنه، فقم إليه فأقر له بحقه، فقمت حتى قبلت رأسه ويده ودعوت الله عزوجل له، فقال أبوعبدالله (عليه السلام): أما إنه لم يؤذن لنا في أول منك (2)، قال: قلت: جعلت فداك فاخبر به أحدا؟ فقال: نعم أهلك وولدك، وكان معي أهلي وولدي ورفقائي وكان يونس بن ظبيان من رفقائي، فلما أخبرتم حمدوا الله عزوجل وقال يونس: لا والله حتى أسمع ذلك منه وكانت به عجلة، فخرج فأتبعته، فلما انتهيت إلى الباب، سمعت أبا عبدالله (عليه السلام) يقول له: – وقد سبقني إليه – يا يونس الامر كما قال لك فيض: قال:
فقال: سمعت وأطعت، فقال لي أبوعبدالله (عليه السلام): خذه إليك يا فيض.

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Muhammad ibn Yahya and Ahmad ibn Idris have narrated from Muhammad ibn ‘Abd al-Jabbar from al-Hassan ibn al-Husayn from Ahmad ibn al-Hassan al-Maythami from Fayd ibn al-Mukhtar, in a lengthy hadith on the affair of abu al-Hassan (a.s.). In it abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) has said to the narrator. “He is your Master of who you asked. Stand up for him and acknowledge his rights.” I then stood up and kissed his head and hand and prayed to Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, for him.” Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) then said, “Keep in mind that permission is not given to us to speak about him to anyone before you.” The narrator has said that he then said to the Imam (a.s.), “‘May Allah take my soul in service for your cause, can I inform any one about him?” The Imam (a.s.) said, “Yes, you may inform your family (wife) and sons.” With me there were my family (wife), sons and friends and of my friends there was Yunus ibn al_Zabyan. When I informed them they all thanked Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High. Yunus said, “No, by Allah, I must hear that from him. He was in a hurry. He went and I followed him. When I reached the door I heard abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) say to him,- he had reached him before I-, “What Fayd has said to you is true.” The narrator has said that he (Yunus) then said, “I have heard it and I have obeyed.” Abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) then said, “Take him with you, O Fayd.”

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Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 309, H 9

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Grading: Majlisi: “Muwaththaq” (Reliable) (Mirat ul Uqool 3/334)

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IMAM MUSA KAZIM’s APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON ALI REZA(as) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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2 – نَصٌّ آخَرُ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الحَسَن بْنِ أَحْمَدِ بْنِ الوَلِيد رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الحَسَن الصَفَّار؛ وَسَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللَّه جَمِيعاً، عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى الأَشْعَرِيِّ، عَنْ الحَسَن بْنِ علىِ بن يَقْطِينٍ، عَنْ أَخِيهِ الحُسَيْن، عَنْ أَبيهِ عَلِىِّ بْنِ يَقْطِينٍ قالَ: كُنْتُ عِنْدَ أَبي الحَسَن مُوسَى بْنِ جَعْفَرعَلَيْهِمَا السَّلاَمُ وَعنْدَهُ عَليٌّ اِبْنُهُ، فَقالَ: يا عَلِيُّ هذا اِبْنِي سَيِّدُ وُلِدِي، وَقَدْ نَحَلْتُهُ كُنْيَتِي، قالَ: فَضَرَبَ هِشامِ – يَعْنِي ابْنِ سالِمٍ – يَدَهُ عَلَى جَبْهَتِهِ ! فَقالَ: إنَّا لِلَّهِ نَعى‏ وَاللَّهِ إِلَيْكَ نَفْسَهُ.

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4-2 In another tradition it is narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Valid – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan As-Saffar and Sa’d ibn Abdullah quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa Al-Ash’ari, on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Ali ibn Yaqteen, on the authority of his brother Al-Hussein, on the authority of his father Ali ibn Yaqteen, “I was with Abil Hassan[24] Musa ibn Ja’far (s). His son Ali (Al-Reza (s)) was with him. Then he said, ‘O Ali, This son of mine is the master of my children. I put my nickname on him.’ Then Hisham (who heard this from me) hit himself on the forehead and said, ‘Verily from God we are! Imam Al-Kazim (s) has thus informed you of his upcoming death.’”

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Source:Uyun Akhbar al-Reza by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 4,Pg 36,H 2

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Grading: Saheeh

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6 – نَصٌّ آخَرُ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الحَسَن بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الوَلِيد رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الحَسَن الصَفَّارُ، عَنِ الحَسَن بْنِ مُوسَى الخَشَّاب، عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبي نَصْرِ البِزَنْطِيِّ، عَنْ زَكَرِيَّا بْنِ آدَمَ، عَنْ داوُدِ بْنِ كَثِير قالَ: قُلْتُ لأَبِي عَبْدِاللَّه: جُعِلْتُ فَداكَ وَقَدْمَِنيَ المَوْتَ قَبْلِكَ، إِنْ كانَ كُونٌ فَإِلىْ مَنْ؟ قالَ: إِلى اِبْنِي مُوسَى، فَكانَ ذلِكَ الكَوْنُ، فَوَاللَّهِ ما شَكَكْتُ فِي [شَيْ‏ءٍ مِنْ أَمْرِ] مُوسَى‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ قَطُّ ثُمَّ مَكَثْتُ نَحْواً مِنْ ثَلاثِينَ سَنَةً، ثُمَّ أَتَيْتُ أَبَا الحَسَن مُوسَى‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ فَقُلْتُ لَهُ: جُعِلْتُ فَداكَ إِنْ كانَ كَوْنٌ فَإِلى‏ مَنْ؟ قالَ: عَلِيٍّ اِبْنِي، قالَ: فَكانَ ذلِكَ الكَوْنُ، فَوَاللَّهِ ما شَكَكْتُ فِي عَلِيٍ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ قَطُّ
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4-6 In another tradition it is narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Valid – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan As-Saffar quoted on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Musa Al-Khashshab, on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr Al-Bezanti, on the authority of Zakaria ibn Adam, on the authority of Dawood ibn Kathir that he said to Abi Abdullah, “May I be your ransom! Who should I follow if anything should happen to you and you perish?” Imam As-Sadiq (s) said, “My son Musa.” Then this happened. By God, I did not have the least bit of doubt in my mind about (the appointment of) Musa (s). About thirty years passed. Then I went to see Abul Hassan Musa (al-Kazim) (s) and said, “May I be your ransom! Who should I follow if anything should happen to you and you perish?” Imam Al-Kazim (s) said, “My son Ali.” Dawood added, “Then this happened. By God, I did not have the least bit of doubt in my mind about (the appointment of) Ali (al-Reza) (s).”

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Source:Uyun Akhbar al-Reza by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 4,Pg 38,H 6

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Grading: Saheeh

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8 – نَصٌّ آخَرُ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ الحَسَنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدِ بْنِ الوَلِيد رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الحَسَن الصَفَّارُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّه بْنِ مُحَمَّد الحَجَّالِ ؛ وَأَحْمَدِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبي نَصْرٍ البِزَنْطِيِّ، عَنْ أَبي عَلِيٍّ الخَزَّار، عَنْ داوُدِ الرَّقِّيِّ قالَ: قُلْتُ لأَبِي‏إِبْراهيمَ – يَعْنِي موسى الكاظِمَ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ – فِداكَ أَبي إِنّي قَدْ كَبُرْتُ وَخِفْتُ أَنْ يَحْدُثَ بي حَدَثٌ وَلا أَلْقاكَ فَأَخبِرْنِي مِنَ الإِمامُ مِنْ بَعْدِكَ؟ فَقالَ: اِبْنِي عَلِيِ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ.

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4-8 In another tradition it is narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Valid – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan As-Saffar quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Abdullah ibn Muhammad Al-Haj’jal and Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Abi Nasr Al-Bezanti, on the authority of Abi Ali Al-Khazzaz, on the authority of Dawood Ar-Riqqi that he asked Abi Ibrahim – that is Musa Al-Kazim (s), “May my father be your ransom! I have become old. I am afraid that something might happen to me, and I may not be able to visit you anymore. Can you please inform me about the Imam after you?” Then the Imam (s) said, “My son, Ali.”

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Source:Uyun Akhbar al-Reza by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 4,Pg 40,H 8

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Grading: Saheeh

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10 – نَصٌّ آخَرُ: حَدَّثَنا أَبي‏ رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ إِدْرِيس، عَنْ أَحْمَدِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسَى، عَنِ العَبَّاس النَخَّاس الأَسَدِي قالَ: قُلْتُ لِلرِّضا عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: أَنْتَ صاحِبُ هذا الأَمْرِ؟ قالَ: إِي وَاللَّهِ عَلَى الإِنْس وَالجِنِّ.

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4-10 In another tradition it is narrated that (the author of the book narrated) my father – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Ahmad ibn Idris quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of al-Abbas an-Nakhkhas al-Asadi, “I asked Al-Reza (s), ‘Are you the possessor of authority now?’ Al-Reza (s) replied, ‘Yes. By God, I am the Divine Leader of the people and the genies.’”

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Source:Uyun Akhbar al-Reza by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 4,Pg 44,H 10

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Grading: Saheeh

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23 – نَصُّ آخَرُ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الحَسَنِ بْنِ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ الوَلِيد رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الحَسَن الصَفَّار، عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عِيسى‏، عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّه بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ الحَجَّالِ؛ وَأَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبي نَصْرِ البِزَنْطِيِّ؛ وَمُحَمَّدِ بْنِ سَنانٍ؛ وَعَلِىِّ بْنِ الحَكَمِ، عَنِ الحُسَيْنِ بْنِ الُمخْتار، خَرَجَتْ إِلَيْنا أَلْواحٌ مِنْ أَبي إِبْراهيمَ مُوسَى‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ وَهُوَ فِي الحَبْسِ، فَإِذا فِيها مَكْتُوبٌ: عَهْدِي إِلى أَكْبَر وُلْدِي.

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4-23 In another tradition from Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-valid – may God be pleased with him – it is narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted on the authority of Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn Isa, on the authority of Abdullah Muhammad al-Hajjal And Ahmad ibn Abi Nasr al-Bezanti, And Muhammad ibn Sinan and ali ibn alhakam, on the authority of Al-Hussein ibn al-Mukhtar who said, “These sheets came to us from Abi Ibrahim Musa (s) while he was in prison in which it was written, “My successor is my oldest son.”

 

Source:Uyun Akhbar al-Reza by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 4,Pg 52,H 23

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Grading: Saheeh

 

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27 – نَصُّ آخَرُ: حَدَّثَنا مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الحَسَن بْنِ أَحْمَدِ بْنِ الوَلِيد رَضِىَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قالَ: حَدَّثَني مُحَمَّدُ بْنِ الحَسَن الصَفَّارُ، عَنِ الحَسَن بْنِ مُوسَى الخَشَّابِ، عَنْ نَصْرِ بْنِ قابُوسَ قالَ: قالَ لي‏ أَبُو الحَسَن‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ: عَلِيٌّ ابْنِي أَكْبَرُ وُلْدِي وَأسْمَعُهُمْ لِقَوْلِي وَأَطْوَعُهُمْ لأَمْرِي يَنْظُرُ مَعِي فِي كِتابي الجَفْرِ وَالجامِعَة وَلَيْسَ يَنْظُرُ فِيهِ إِلاّ نَبِيٌّ أَوْ وَصِيُّ نَبِيٍّ.

.

4-27 In another tradition it is narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan ibn Ahmad ibn al-Waleed – may God be pleased with him – narrated that Muhammad ibn Al-Hassan al-Saffar quoted on the authority of Al-Hassan ibn Musa al-Khashshab, on the authority of Nasr ibn Qaboos that Abul Hassan (Imam al-Kazim) (s) told him, “My son Ali (Al-Reza (s)) is my oldest son. He is the most obedient of them to me. He studies the books of AL-JAFR and AL-JAME’A along with me. No one can look at these two books except for the Prophet and his Testamentary Trustees.”

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Source:Uyun Akhbar al-Reza by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 1,Ch 4,Pg 54,H 27

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Grading: Saheeh

 

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2 – عدة من أصحابنا، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن معاوية بن حكيم، عن نعيم القابوسي عن أبي الحسن (عليه السلام) أنه قال: إن ابني عليا أكبر ولدي وأبرهم عندي أحبهم إلي وهو ينظر معي في الجفر ولم ينظر فيه إلا نبي أو وصي نبي.

.

A number of our people has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Mu‘awiya ibn
Hakim from Nu‘aym al-Qabusi from abu al-Hassan (a.s.) who has said the following. “My son, Ali is the eldest of my sons and the most virtuous among them to me and the most beloved of them to me. He looks into the Jafr (a secret source of knowledge) with me. No one looks into it except a prophet or the executor of the will of a prophet.”

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Source: Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 311, H 2

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Grading:Majlisi: “Muwaththaq” (Reliable) (Mirat ul Uqool 3/342)

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IMAM AL-REZA’S APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON MUHAMMAD IBN ALI (S) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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6-    حدثنا أحمد بن زياد بن جعفر الهمداني رضي الله عنه قال حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم عن أبيه عن عبد السلام بن صالح الهروي قال سمعت دعبل بن علي الخزاعي يقول أنشدت مولاي الرضا علي بن موسى عليه السلام قصيدتي التي أولها.
مدارس آيات خلت من تلاوة ومنزل وحي مقفر العرصات‏
فلما انتهيت إلى قولي خروج إمام لا محالة خارج يقوم على اسم الله والبركات‏يميز فينا كل حق وباطل ويجزي على النعماء والنقمات بكى الرضا عليه السلام بكاء شديدا ثم رفع رأسه إلي فقال لي يا خزاعي نطق روح القدس على لسانك بهذين البيتين فهل تدري من هذا الإمام ومتى يقوم فقلت لا يا مولاي إلا أني سمعت بخروج إمام منكم يطهر الأرض من الفساد ويملؤها عدلا كما ملئت جورا فقال يا دعبل الإمام بعدي محمد ابني وبعد محمد ابنه علي وبعد علي ابنه الحسن وبعد الحسن ابنه الحجة القائم المنتظر في غيبته المطاع في ظهوره لو لم يبق من الدنيا إلا يوم واحد لطول الله عز وجل ذلك اليوم حتى يخرج فيملأ الأرض عدلا كما ملئت جورا وأما متى فإخبار عن الوقت فقد حدثني أبي عن أبيه عن آبائه عليهم السلام أن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قيل له يا رسول الله متى يخرج القائم من ذريتك فقال عليه السلام مثله مثل الساعة التي (لا يُجَلِّيها لِوَقْتِها إِلَّا هُوَ ثَقُلَتْ فِي السَّماواتِ والْأَرْضِ لا تَأْتِيكُمْ إِلَّا بَغْتَةً)

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6 – Narrated to us Ahmad bin Ziyad bin Ja’far Hamadani: Narrated to us Ali bin Ibrahim from his father from Abdus Salam bin Salih Harawi that: I heard Dibil bin Ali Khuzai say:

I recited my long poem to my master, Ali Ibne Musa ar-Reza, the beginning of which is:
Schools of verses empty of recitations
And the House of revelation horrendously empty.
When I reached to my verse:
The rise of an Imam who will definitely rise
And stand by the name of Allah and His blessings
He will make distinction between all rights and wrongs
And will proffer requital for charities and malevolence.
Imam Reza (a.s.) cried very profusely and then raised his head and said to me, “O Khuzai, the Blessed Spirit has spoken on your tongue in these two verses. Do you know who this Imam is and when he will rise?” I said, “No, my master, except I have heard that an Imam of yours will rise and clean the earth from mischief and will fill up the earth with equity as it will be full of oppression.” He said, “O Dibil, the Imam after me is my son, Muhammad; after Muhammad his son, Ali; after Ali his son Hasan; and after Hasan his son, al- Hujja al-Qaim, the Awaited during his occultation, the one obeyed in his time of appearance. Even if not more than one day should remain from the world, Allah will prolong that day so much that he will rise and fill the world with equity just as it will be full of injustice. As for when it will happen, that is to describe its time, and my father has narrated to me through his forefathers through Amirul Momineen (a.s.) that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.) was asked, ‘O Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.s.), when is the Qaim from your progeny going to rise?’ He said, ‘His example is like the example of the Hour:
لاَ يُجَلِّيهَا لِوَقْتِهَا إِلاَّ هُوَ ثَقُلَتْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالأَرْضِ لاَ تَأْتِيكُمْ إِلاَّ بَغْتَة
.
None but He shall manifest it at its time. It will be momentous in the heavens and the earth. It will not come on you but suddenly.’”
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Grading:Saheeh

 

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10 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن صفوان بن يحيى قال: قلت للرضا عليه السلام: قد كنا نسألك قبل أن يهب الله لك أبا جعفر عليه السلام فكنت تقول: يهب الله لي غلاما، فقد وهبه الله لك، فأقر عيوننا، فلا أرانا الله يومك فإن كان كون فإلى من؟ فأشار بيده إلى أبي جعفر عليه السلام وهو قائم بين يديه، فقلت: جعلت فداك هذا ابن ثلاث سنين؟! فقال: وما يضره من ذلك فقد قام عيسى عليه السلام بالحجة وهو ابن ثلاث سنين

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Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from Safwan ibn
Yahya who has said the following. “Once I said to Ar-Reza (a.s.), ‘Before Allah would grant you the blessed birth of abu Ja‘far we would ask you the question and you would say that Allah will soon grant you a son. Allah, now, has blessed you with such a favor and may He make him to be the delight for your heart. We wish not to experience a single day without you but, Allah forbid, if something would happen to you from who must we seek guidance?” He pointed with his hand to abu Ja‘far (a.s.) and he was standing before him. I then said, “May
Allah take my soul in service for your cause, he is only a child of three years old.” He said,”That does not matter in his case at all. Jesus rose with Divine authority when he three years old only.”
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Grading:Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool 3/376)
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2 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن معمر بن خلاد قال: سمعت الرضا (عليه السلام) وذكر شيئا فقال: ما حاجتكم إلى ذلك، هذا أبوجعفر قد أجلسته مجلسي وصيرته مكاني وقال: إنا أهل بيت يتوارث أصاغرنا عن أكابرنا القذة بالقذة
.
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad from Mu‘ammar ibn
Khallad who has said the following. “I heard (abu al-Hassan) al-Rida who said something (leadership with Divine Authority) and then said, “I do not think you need what I just said. This is abu Ja‘far (a.s.). I have placed him in my own place to assume my position. We are of the family Ahl al-Bayt whose younger ones inherit from elder everything exactly measure to measure.”
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Grading:

  1. Majlisi:Saheeh (Mirat ul Uqool 3/373)
  2. Tabrizi:”Saheeh” (Nusūs al-Sahīhah pg 23)
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3 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن أبيه محمد بن عيسى قال: دخلت على أبي جعفر الثاني (عليه السلام) فناظرني في أشياء، ثم قال لي: يا أبا علي ارتفع الشك ما لابي غيري.
.
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from his father,
Muhammad ibn ‘Isa who has said the following. “Once I went to see abu Ja‘far al-Thani’s (a.s.). He debated me in several issues. He then said, “O abu Ali, there is no (reason for) doubt; I am the only son that my father had.”
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Grading:

  1. Majlisi:Saheeh (Mirat ul Uqool 3/374)
  2. Hadi Najafi:”Saheeh Sanad” (Mawsu’at Ahadith Ahl al-Bayt 5/407)
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IMAM MUHAMMAD IBN ALI Al-JAWAD APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON ALI IBN MUHAMMAD AL-HADI (S) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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1 – علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن إسماعيل بن مهران قال: لما خرج أبوجعفر (عليه السلام) من المدينة إلى بغداد في الدفعة الاولى من خرجتيه، قلت له عند خروجه: جعلت فداك إني أخاف عليك في هذا الوجه، فإلى من الامر بعدك؟ فكر بوجهه إلي ضاحكا وقال ليس الغيبة حيث ظننت في هذه السنة، فلما اخرج به الثانية إلى المعتصم صرت إليه فقلت له: جعلت فداك أنت خارج فإلى من هذا الامر من بعدك؟ فبكى حتى اخضلت لحيته، ثم التفت إلي فقال: عند هذه يخاف علي، الامر من بعدي إلى ابني علي.
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Ali ibn Ibrahim has narrated from his father that ’Isma‘il ibn Mihran who has said the following. “When abu Ja‘far (a.s.) left Madina for Baghdad the first time of his two journeys on his leaving I said to him, “May Allah take my souls in service for your cause, I am afraid about you in this condition. To who, after you, will belong the task (Leadership with Divine Authority)?” He turned to me laughing and said, “The disappearance, as have thought, will not take place this year. When he was about to be taken to al-Mu‘tasam (179/795 —became caliph 218/833 — 227/841), for the second time I went to him and said, “May Allah take my souls in service for your cause. You are leaving. To who, after you, will go this task Leadership with Divine Authority)?” He wept until his beard become soaked. He then turned to me and said, “This time you should be afraid about my life. The task (Leadership with Divine Authority) after me will go to my son Ali (a.s.).”.

Source: Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 323, H 1

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Grading:

  1. Majlisi:Hasan (Mirat ul Uqool 3/383)
  2. Tabrizi:”Saheeh” (Nusūs al-Sahīhah pg 23)
  3. Wahid Khurasani:”Saheeh” (Minhāj al-Sālihīn 1/446)
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IMAM ALI IBN MUHAMMAD AL-HADI APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON HASAN IBN ALI AL-ASKARI(S) AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
.
5- حدثنا محمد بن الحسن رضي الله عنه قال حدثنا سعد بن عبد الله قال حدثنا أبو جعفر محمد بن أحمد العلوي عن أبي هاشم داود بن القاسم الجعفري قال سمعت أبا الحسن صاحب العسكر عليه السلام يقول الخلف من بعدي ابني الحسن فكيف لكم بالخلف من بعد الخلف فقلت ولم جعلني الله فداك فقال لأنكم لا ترون شخصه ولا يحل لكم ذكره باسمه قلت فكيف نذكره قال قولوا الحجة من آل محمد صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم.
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5 – Narrated to us Muhammad bin Hasan (r.a.): Narrated to us Saad bin Abdullah: Narrated to us Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Ahmad Alawi from Abil Hashim Dawood bin Qasim Ja’fari that he said: I heard Abal Hasan(al-Hadi) of Askar (a.s.) say: “The successor after me is my son al-Hasan but what will you do with the successor of my successor?” Al-Ja’fari said, “May Allah make me your sacrifice!Why?” The Imam said, “Because you will not see his physical body and it is not permissible for you to reveal his name.” Al-Ja’fari said, “How shall we mention him?” Al-Hadi said, “Say ‘The proof [al-Hujja] from the family of Muhammad.’” 

Source:Kamaal ud Deen by Sheikh Sadooq,Vol 2,Ch 37,H 5

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Grading: 

  1. al-Asfahani:”Saheeh” (Mikyal al-Makarim 1/34)
  2. Markazi:”Saheeh Sanad”(al-Mahdi al-Muntazar,pg 102)
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IMAM HASAN IBN ALI AL-ASKARI(S) APPOINTMENT OF HIS SON  AL-MAHDI AS THE IMAM AND HIS SUCCESSOR
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2 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن إسحاق، عن أبي هاشم الجعفري قال: قلت لابي محمد (عليه السلام): جلالتك تمنعني من مسألتك، فتأذن لي أن أسألك؟ فقال: سل، قلت: يا سيدي هل لك ولد؟ فقال: نعم، فقلت: فإن بك حدث فأين أسأل عنه؟ فقال: بالمدينة.
.
Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Ishaq from abu Hashim al-Ja‘fari who has said the following. “I said to abu Muhammad (a.s.), ‘Your grace causes shyness to me to ask you questions. May I ask you a question?” He said, “Yes, you may ask.” I said, “My master, do you have a son?” He said, “Yes, I do have a son.” I then said, “If anything will happen to you, where would I ask him (about my religion)?” He replied, “Ask him in Madina.”.

Source:Al-Kafi by Kulayni, Vol 1, Pg 328, H 2

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Grading: 

  1. Majlisi:”Saheeh” (Mirat ul Uqool 4/2)
  2. Markazi:”Saheeh Sanad”(al-Mahdi al-Muntazar,pg 107)
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الفضل بن شاذان في إثبات الرجعة : حدثنا محمد بن علي بن حمزة العلوي ، قال : سمعت أبا محمد (عليه السلام) يقول : قد ولد وليّ الله وحجته على عباده ، وخليفتي من بعدي ، مختوناً ليلة النصف من شعبان سنة خمس وخمسين ومائتين عند طلوع الفجر
.
al-Fadhl bin Shadhan in (his book) Ithbat ar-Raj’ah (the Proof of the Return) (said): narrated to us Muhammad bin Ali bin Hamza al-Alawiy, who said: I heard Aba Muhammad (Imam Hasan al-Askariy) عليه السلام saying: the Waliy (authority) of Allah and His Hujjah (proof) to his creation has been born, who is also my Khalifa (vicegerant) after me, (already) circumcised, the night of half of Sha’ban, the year two hundred and fifty five, at dawn’s break.
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Grading:Sheikh Ahmad al-Mahuze:”Saheeh”
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