We find Imam Abu Abdullah (asws) explaining in an authentic narration

١ – الكليني، عن محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن محمد بنإسماعيل بن بزيع، عن عمه حمزة بن بزيع، عن أبي عبد الله (عليه السلام) في قول الله عز وجل:
﴿فلما آسفونا انتقمنا منهم﴾  فقال: إن الله عز وجل لا يأسف كأسفنا ولكنه خلق أولياء لنفسه يأسفون ويرضون وهم مخلوقين مربوبون فجعل رضاهم رضا نفسه وسخطهم سخط نفسه، لأنه جعلهم الدعاة إليه والأدلاء عليه فلذلك صاروا كذلك، وليس أن ذلك يصل إلى الله كما يصل إلى خلقه لكن هذا معنى ما قال من ذلك، وقد قال: من أهان لي وليا فقد بارزني بالمحاربة ودعاني إليها، وقال:
﴿ومن يطع الرسول فقد أطاع الله﴾ ، وقال: ﴿ان الذين يبايعونك إنما يبايعون الله يد الله فوق أيديهم﴾  فكل هذا وشبهه على ما ذكرت لك وهكذا الرضاوالغضب وغيرهما من الأشياء مما يشاكل ذلك، ولو كان يصل إلى الله الأسف والضجر وهو الذي خلقهما وأنشأهما لجاز لقائل هذا أن يقول: إن الخالق يبيد يوما ما لأنه إذا دخله الغضب والضجر دخله التغيير وإذا دخله التغيير لم يؤمن عليه الإبادة ثم لم يعرف المكون من المكون ولا القادر من المقدور عليه ولا الخالق من المخلوق، تعالى الله عن هذا القول علوا كبيرا، بل هو الخالق للأشياء لا لحاجة، فإذا كان لا لحاجة استحال الحد والكيف فيه، فافهم إن شاء الله تعالى .

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Muhammad ibn al-Husayn from Muhammad ibn Isma‘il ibn Bazi‘a from his uncle, Hamza ibn Bazi‘a from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has said the following about the words of Allah.

“When they invoked Our anger, (43:54). We took revenge on them . . .” (43:55). “

Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, does not become frustrated the way we do. But He has created friends for his-Own-self who become frustrated and at times happy. They are created. They worship (Allah). He has designed their happiness to be His Own happiness and their anger as His-Own anger. It is because He has assigned them to guide people to Him and serve as proof of His existence. For this reason such conditions belong to them. This does not reach Allah the way it reaches people. The meaning is what just mentioned. He has also said,

“Whoever would humiliate My friends such people have declared war against Me with challenge.”

He has also said,

“One who obeys the Messenger has certainly obeyed God. . . .” (4:80).

“Those who pledge obedience to you are, in fact, pledging obedience to God. The hands of God are above their hands. . . .” (48:10).

All of these and other similar ones mean what I just said. The same is the case with anger and happiness and other such matters. Had it been possible for frustration and anger to reach Allah one could have said that one-day Allah will banish altogether. It is because if anger and frustration would reach Him changes also would take place in Him and, thus, He will not remain safe from banishment. As a result, there would exist no distinction between the created and the Creator, between the Almighty and those subject to such might and power. No distinction would remain between the created and the Creator. Allah is far above such things, and is the Most High and Most Great. He is the Creator [1]

The narration has been termed Hasan by Allama Majlisi [2]

Sheikh Hadi Najfi said that it is Sahih in Sanad [3]

 

 

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REFERENCES:-

1- Al Kafi, 1/144 & Mausaat Ahadeeth Ahlulbait, 1/479

2- Miraat ul Uqool, 2/188

3- Mausaat, 1/480

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