Let us see a few authentic narrations in this regard. Sheikh Kulaini mentions in his Al Kafi, 1/181; & Sheikh Hur Amili quotes in his Wasail in chapter named:

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 ـ باب بطلان العبادة بدون ولاية الأئمة ( عليهم السلام ) واعتقاد إمامتهم

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29 – Chapter on the nullification of worship without the walaya of the Imams عليهم السلام and the belief in their Imamate

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We find

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[302] 6 ـ وعنه، عن أحمد بن محمد، عن ابن محبوب، عن عمرو بن أبي المقدام، عن جابر، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) ـ فى حديث ـ قال: من لا يعرف الله، وما يعرف الإمام منا أهل البيت، فإنما يعرف ويعبد غير الله، هكذا والله ضلالا.

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6 – And from him from Ahmad b. Muhammad from Ibn Mahbub from `Amr b. Abi ‘l-Miqdam from Jabir from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام in a hadith wherein he said: One who does not recognize Allah, and does not recognize the Imam from us, the Ahl al-Bayt, then he has only recognized and worshiped other than Allah. Such, by Allah, is a straying. 

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As regards to authenticity,

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1-Sheikh Hadi Najfi mentions in his Alf Hadeeth fi al Momin, p. 12 :- Saheeh

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2- Syed Adnan Khabaz al Qateefi mentions in his Meethaq ul Wilayat fi ayat ul Wilayat, p. 202 :- Mo’tabar/Reliable

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Similarly, we find another narration in Al Kafi, 1/183; and mentioned by Sheikh Hur Amili

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[297] 1 ـ محمد بن يعقوب، عن محمد بن يحيى، عن محمد بن الحسين، عن صفوان بن يحيى، عن العلاء بن رزين، عن محمد بن مسلم قال: سمعت أبا جعفر ( عليه السلام ) يقول: كل من دان الله عز وجل بعبادة يجهد فيها نفسه ولا إمام له من الله فسعيه غير مقبول، وهو ضال متحير، والله شانئ لأعماله ـ إلى أن قال ـ وإن مات على هذه الحال مات ميتة كفر ونفاق، واعلم يا محمد، أن أئمة الجور وأتباعهم لمعزولون عن دين الله، قد ضلوا وأضلوا، فأعمالهم التي يعملونها كرماد اشتدت به الريح في يوم عاصف، لا يقدرون مما كسبوا على شيء، ذلك هو الضلال البعيد.

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1 – Muhammad b. Ya`qub (in al-Kafi) from Muhammad b. Yahya from Muhammad b. al-Husayn from Safwan b. Yahya from al-`Ala b. Razin from Muhammad b. Muslim. He said: I heard Abu Ja`far عليه السلام saying: Everyone who professes (belief in) Allah عزوجل with worship in which he himself strives, but he has no Imam from Allah, then his effort is not accepted, and he is astray and confused, and Allah hates his acts – until he said: And if he died upon this state, he died a death of kufr and hypocrisy. And know, O Muhammad, that the imams of tyranny and their followers are expelled from the religion of Allah. They have gone astray and have led astray, so their acts which they performed are as ash that the wind disperses in a stormy day; no power have they over aught that they have earned. That is the far straying.

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As regards to authenticity,

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1- Al Khoi speaks of it in his Kitab us Saum, 1/424; and terms it Sahih

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2- Sheikh Hadi Najfi terms it Sahih chain in his Mausaat ahadeeth ahlulbait, 6/07

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3- Al Majlisi terms it Sahih in his Miraat ul Uqool, 2/313

Recognition of Allah & Acceptance of Deeds

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