Deobani Scholar, Yousaf Ludhianvi, was asked a Question in his book, Aap ky Masail aur Unka Hal, 10/85-86; regarding anger of Bibi Fatima and Bay’at of Imam Ali. Let us see

س: جناب فاطمہ کی دلی حالت مرتے دم تک ان تین خلفاء سے کیسی رہی؟ اگر آپ رضامند تھیں تو آپ نے اور آپ کے شوہر حضرت علی نے اپنی حیات تک بیعت کیوں نہ کی؟ اور اگر آپ ان لوگوں سے ناراض تھین اور آپ نے اسی حالت میں انتقال فرمایا تو آپ کا اعتقاد مذہبی وہی ہوا ناں جو شیعوں کا ہے؟
 
ج: حضرت فاطمہ حضرت ابو بکر سے راضی تھیں، اور حضرت علی نے حضرت ابو بکر سے بعیت بھی کی تھی

Q:- What was state of relation of Bibi Fatima with 3 Caliphs? If she was Happy, then why did Imam Ali not do their Bay’at in her Life? And if She was angry, and died in that state, then Her religious concepts were similar to Shias, right?

A:- Bibi Fatima was happy with Abu Bakar, and Hazrat Ali did Bay’at of Abu bakar

 

Let us see What We find in Saheeh Bukhari,5/139, Narration 4240

 

 فَوَجَدَتْ فَاطِمَةُ عَلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ فِي ذَلِكَ، فَهَجَرَتْهُ فَلَمْ تُكَلِّمْهُ حَتَّى تُوُفِّيَتْ، وَعَاشَتْ بَعْدَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ سِتَّةَ أَشْهُرٍ، فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَتْ دَفَنَهَا زَوْجُهَا عَلِيٌّ لَيْلًا، وَلَمْ يُؤْذِنْ بِهَا أَبَا بَكْرٍ وَصَلَّى عَلَيْهَا، وَكَانَ لِعَلِيٍّ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَجْهٌ حَيَاةَ فَاطِمَةَ، فَلَمَّا تُوُفِّيَتِ اسْتَنْكَرَ عَلِيٌّ وُجُوهَ النَّاسِ، فَالْتَمَسَ مُصَالَحَةَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَمُبَايَعَتَهُ، وَلَمْ يَكُنْ يُبَايِعُ تِلْكَ الأَشْهُرَ، فَأَرْسَلَ إِلَى أَبِي بَكْرٍ: أَنِ ائْتِنَا وَلاَ يَأْتِنَا أَحَدٌ مَعَكَ، كَرَاهِيَةً لِمَحْضَرِ عُمَرَ

 

So Bibi Fatima (asws) got angry with Abu Bakar, and kept distance from Him, and did not talk to him till death. And She lived for 6 months after death of Prophet. And when She died, Hazrat Ali buried Her at night, and did not tell Abu Bakar about this. When Fatima was alive, People respected Ali, but after her death, He felt that dealing of People have changed. So he tried to reconcile with Abu Bakar, and did Bay’at. And He had not done Bay’at in these [6] Months. Ali sent someone to Abu Bakar, and told him that None should come with Him, because He disliked that Umar comes with Him

 

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