Ibn Sheebah makes a Chapter in His book, al-Musanif, (في صوم رجب ما جاء فيه ), and it means “What comes in regards to fasting of Rajab”. Ibn Sheebah mentions a Narration

حدثنا أبو معاوية عن الأعمش عن وبرة عن عبد الرحمن عن خرشة بن الحر قال رأيت عمر يضرب أكف الناس في رجب حتى يضعوها في الجفان ويقول كلوا فإنما هو شهر كان يعظمه أهل الجاهلية .

Kharsha narrates that I saw Umar hitting on hands of people in month of Rajab, till He took them to food and told them: Eat, for this is the month which was respected by People of days of Ignorance.

Sheikh Albany has termed this chain Authentic/Saheeh in his book, Arwa-al-Ghaleel, 4/113, Narration 957. He also mentioned another narration similar to it.

But when We consult Amali ibn Bashran, Part 1, page 253, Narration 584, We find

وَأَخْبَرَنَا دَعْلَجٌ ، ثنا مُوسَى بْنُ هَارُونَ ، وَابْنُ شِيرَوَيْهِ ، قَالا : ثنا إِسْحَاقُ ، أنبا عَبْدَةُ بْنُ سُلَيْمَانَ ، ثنا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ حَكِيمٍ ، قَالَ : سَأَلْتُ سَعِيدَ بْنَ جُبَيْرٍ ، عَنْ صَوْمِ رَجَبٍ ، فَقَالَ : أَخْبَرَنِي ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ ” أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ كَانَ يَصُومُ ” .

Othman bin Hakeem asked Saeed bin Jubair regarding fasting of Rajab. He replied: Ibn Abbas told me that Holy Prophet (asws) fasted in this month.

Saeed bin Jubair has been termed ( ثقة ثبت) Trustworthy and Steadfast by Islamweb.net

Uthman bin Hakeem has been termed (ثقة) Trustworthy.

Abda bin Sulaiman has been termed ( ثقة ثبت) Trustworthy and steadfast

Ishaq bin Rahwia has been termed ( ثقة حافظ إمام) Trustworthy, Hafiz and Imam

Ibn Sheerwiah has been termed (ثقة ) Trustworthy.

Along with him is Musa bin Haroon, who is termed (ثقة حافظ ) trustworthy and hafiz

And last one is Da’laj, who is termed ( ثقة مأمون) Trustworthy and Mamoon.

This post is deduced from work of Brother Nazar, His work can be read in Arabic language over HERE

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