There is a very interesting narration in Saheeh Bukhari, 5/37

3812 – حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ مَالِكًا، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ: ” مَا سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، يَقُولُ: لِأَحَدٍ يَمْشِي عَلَى الأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ، إِلَّا لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلاَمٍ “

Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas, one of the 10 who were given news of Heaven, narrates: I did not hear Holy Prophet telling anyone walking Earth that He is amongst people of heaven except Abdullah bin Salam

This narration is also present in Saheeh Muslim, 4/1930

Now this is very strange that one of those who were part of Hadeeth Ashra Mubashira, he is saying that He did not hear it from Holy Prophet asws.

AhluSunnah may argue that he said “He did not hear Holy Prophet”; and not that “Holy Prophet did not say it”.

But the point is, He lived for quite some time. Do you think none of the Sahaba told him that He is part of the elite group?

And if some Sahabi did tell him, was he not aware that “All Sahaba are Adil/just” and that “Mursal of Sahabi is accepted”. Why was he not accepting their point then?

Now the main strategy for AhluSunnah would be do say: Well, none of the Sahaba ever told him, and We believe this.

Though it is very strange to believe, but let us talk about Hadeeth Ashra Mubashira.

It is a narration in which 10 people were given good news of being amongst people of Heaven by Holy Prophet asws. These include: Abu bakr, Umar, Uthman, Imam Ali asws, Talha, Zubair, Saad bin Abi Waqas, Saeed bin Zain, Abdul Rehman bin Auf and Abu Ubaida.

Abdullah bin Salam is not present in this list. So are the leaders of Youth of Jannah, Imam Hasan and Imam Hussein asws.

Interestingly, I found that a Nasibi website tried to prove authenticity of this Narration, and they write

“The narration of the Ashra Mubashra has arrived us through multiple chains and through several companions. However, it is mainly attributed to Sa’eed bin Zaid. Perhaps the strongest narration is the narration by Humaid bin Abdulrahman in Sunan Al-Tirmithi #3681. The narration is not at the highest level of authenticity due to some weakness in a narrator named Musa bin Ya’qoub. He has been described as reliable by Ibn Ma’een and Ibn Adi. On the other hand, he was weakened by Ali bin Al-Madeeni and Imam Ahmad. Al-Nasa’ee says, “He is not strong.” (Refer to his biography in Tahtheeb Al-Tahtheeb.)”

This narration comes with this chain in Sunan Tirmidhi, 5/648

3748 – حَدَّثَنَا صَالِحُ بْنُ مِسْمَارٍ المَرْوَزِيُّ قَالَ: حَدَّثَنَا ابْنُ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ سَعِيدٍ، عَنْ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنِ حُمَيْدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ زَيْدٍ، حَدَّثَهُ فِي نَفَرٍ

As regards to Musa bin Ya’qoob, He is over all considered a Weak/Daeef Narrator as mentioned by Sheikh Shoaib al-Arnawut in Tehreer Taqreeb-ut-Tehzeeb, 3/441. He can only be relied upon if there are other supporting evidences.

However, he is not the only weak narrator, rather Umar bin Saeed bin Shoraih is also weak. Hakim actually clarified that it is him from whom Musa bin Ya’qoob is taking narration. He mentions this narration with the following chain in Mustadrak, 3/498

5858 – حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْحَافِظُ، ثَنَا إِبْرَاهِيمُ بْنُ دُحَيْمٍ الدِّمَشْقِيُّ، حَدَّثَنِي أَبِي، ثَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ إِسْمَاعِيلَ بْنِ أَبِي فُدَيْكٍ، عَنْ مُوسَى بْنِ يَعْقُوبَ الزَّمْعِيِّ، عَنْ عُمَرَ بْنِ سَعِيدِ بْنِ شُرَيْحٍ، أَنَّ عَبْدَ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنَ حُمَيْدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ حَدَّثَهُ أَظُنُّهُ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ سَعِيدَ بْنَ زَيْدٍ حَدَّثَهُ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ

He did not grade this narration, and Dhabi also kept quiet.

Umar bin Sa’eed has been weakened by many. For example,

Ibn Abi Hatim mentions in al-Jarh wa al-Ta’deel, 6/111 that he is Muztarib-ul-Hadeeth( مضطرب الحدیث) and not strong.

Ibn Adi included him in al-Kamil fi Du’afa, 6/124

Dhabi said there is leniency in him, and he has “Munkir/Rejected” narrations. Also Darqutni termed him Weak/Daeef. (al-Mughni fi al-Du’afa, 2/467)

So this chain is Weak in simple words. Just imagine if this is the status of “Perhaps the strongest narration is the narration by Humaid bin Abdulrahman in Sunan Al-Tirmithi #3681”; what would be the status of other narrations?

Then they give their second best narration. They quote

“Another narration that has some strength is the narration of Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabeer #360 through Abu Al-Tufail. It contains two narrators that have some weakness. The first is Thabit bin Al-Waleed, who has been slightly weakened by Ibn Hibban. The other is his father, Al-Waleed bin Abdullah bin Jumai’. He has been criticized by Al-Uqaili, Ibn Hibban, and Al-Hakim, however, Imam Ahmad, Yahya, Abu Zur’ah, and Ibn Sa’ad had favorable opinions of him.”

Worthy Readers! Please keep in mind that Thabit bin Waleed was counted in Daeef/Weak narrators by Ibn Adi in al-Kamil fi Du’afa, 2/298; but they did not present this. Also, in order to authenticate a chain, you need to present proof of his trustworthiness. Where is that?

Nasibis then present a very interesting point. They write

“The narrations mentioned above, do not include Abu Ubaida as one of the ten. It is only in the narration of Humaid bin Abdulrahman that we find the mentioning of Abu Ubaida. This is the view that was adopted by Imam Ahmad. He states in Kitab Al-Sunnah by Al-Khallal 1/286 that those promised paradise were nine, and that the Prophet – peace be upon him – is the tenth.”

This is good to know, because Humaid’s narration was the so called “ Perhaps the strongest narration”, but here Nasibis are accepting that Ahmad bin Hanbal did not agree to his narration.

After much talking, when they end their article, they say

“In other words, rejecting the narration of Sa’eed bin Zaid does not change the fact that these ten companions will remain reliable, respected, and adored by Sunnis, regardless as to whether the narration is authentic or not.”

In simple words! They actually could not authenticate the narration. So they had to say this to console their readers.

Advertisements