History clarifies to us that He was the greatest protector of Holy Prophet asws. And what he did for Him, it was not done by any other. None could dare attack him in Mecca till the time he was alive.

We find a narration in al-Kafi, 1/449

1 3 – علي، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي نصر، عن إبراهيم بن محمد الأشعري، عن عبيد بن زرارة، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: لما توفى أبو طالب نزل جبرئيل على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: يا محمد اخرج من مكة، فليس لك فيها ناصر، وثارت قريش بالنبي صلى الله عليه وآله، فخرج هاربا حتى جاء إلى جبل بمكة يقال له الحجون فصار إليه.

Imam al-Sadiq says when Abu Talib died, Jibrail came to Prophet and said: O Mohammad! Go out of Mecca, You don’t have a helper here. Quraish came at him, and He went out to Mountain named al-Hajoon.

Al-Majlisi says that it is Hasan but like Sahih (Miraat-ul-U’qool, 5/257)

There is another narration on the same page of al-Kafi

30 – علي بن إبراهيم، عن أبيه، عن ابن أبي عمير، عن هشام بن الحكم، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: بينا النبي صلى الله عليه وآله في المسجد الحرام وعليه ثياب له جدد فألقى المشركون عليه سلا ناقة فملؤوا ثيابه بها، فدخله من ذلك ما شاء الله فذهب إلى أبي طالب فقال له: يا عم كيف ترى حسبي فيكم؟ فقال له: وما ذا يا ابن أخي؟ فأخبره الخبر، فدعا أبو طالب حمزة وأخذ السيف وقال لحمزة: خذ السلا ثم توجه إلى القوم والنبي معه فأتى قريشا وهم حول الكعبة، فلما رأوه عرفوا الشر في وجهه، ثم قال لحمزة: أمر السلا على سبالهم  ففعل ذلك حتى أتى على آخرهم، ثم التفت أبو طالب إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله فقال: يا ابن أخي هذا حسبك فينا.

Imam al-Sadiq asws says: Holy Prophet asws was in Holy Kaa’ba, and he was wearing new dress. So Mushriks came and put dirt of She-Camel on Him. So when he went away to Abu Talib, He asked Him: O Uncle! What is the status You give to me? He replied: O son of my Brother! What happened? So He told him of what happened.

So Abu Talib called Hamza, and took his sword, and told Hamza: take this dirt, and then came to those People, and Prophet was with Him. So he went to those Quraishis, while they were with Kaa’ba. When they looked at his face, they realized. Then he told Hamza to put that dirt on their faces. So He did that, and when it was done to the last one of them, He turned to Prophet, and said: O Son of my Brother! This is your status with me.

Al-Majlisi says that it is Hasan but like Sahih, (Miraat ul Uqool, 5/256)

Our Aimmah were asked about His Faith. So let us see what they replied

We find this narration in al-Kafi, 1/448-449

29 – الحسين بن محمد ومحمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن إسحاق، عن بكر بن محمد الأزدي، عن إسحاق بن جعفر، عن أبيه عليه السلام قال: قيل له: إنهم يزعمون أن أبا طالب كان كافرا؟ فقال: كذبوا كيف يكون كافرا وهو يقول:

ألم تعلموا أنا وجدنا محمدا — نبيا كموسى خط في أول الكتب وفي حديث آخر كيف يكون أبو طالب كافرا وهو يقول:

لقد علموا أن ابننا لا مكذب — لدينا ولا يعبأ بقيل الا باطل  وأبيض يستسقى الغمام بوجهه — ثمال اليتامى عصمة للأرامل

Imam al-Sadiq was asked: People presume that Abu Talib was kafir? He replid: They lie, how can He be kafir when He said

Do you not know that We found Mohammad Prophet like Moses in past books.

And in another narration, He replied: How can he be Kafir when he said:

Know that our son does not lie; he does not pay attention to Batil/Falsehood; The one with the white face of whom clouds get water; who protects orphans and defends honor of widows.

Allama Majlisi termed first part of Narration as Authentic (Miraat, 5/253), and termed the second part as Mursal.

However, Sheikh Sudooq mentioned this second part in his Al-Amali, 712 with a reliable chain[i]

980 / 12 – حدثنا محمد بن الحسن بن أحمد بن الوليد (رضي الله عنه)، قال:

حدثني الحسن بن متيل الدقاق، قال: حدثني الحسن بن علي بن فضال، عن مروان ابن مسلم، عن ثابت بن دينار الثمالي، عن سعيد بن جبير، عن عبد الله بن عباس، أنه سأله، رجل فقال له: يا بن عم رسول الله، أخبرني عن أبي طالب، هل كان مسلما؟

فقال: وكيف لم يكن مسلما، وهو القائل:

وقد علموا أن ابننا لا مكذب — لدينا ولا يعبأ بقيل الا باطل

 Abdullah ibn Abbas was asked if Abu Talib was Muslim? And He replied: How can he not be when he believed:

Know that our son does not lie; he does not pay attention to Batil/Falsehood

Second part of this poetry has been mentioned by Bukhari in His Saheeh, 2/27; and Ibn Maja in His Sunan, 1/405

Also, Kulaini mentioned with an authentic chain[ii] in al-Kafi, 1/449

33 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد وعبد الله ابني محمد بن عيسى، عن أبيهما، عن عبد الله بن المغيرة، عن إسماعيل بن أبي زياد، عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام قال: أسلم أبو طالب بحساب الجمل وعقد بيده ثلاثا وستين.

Imam al-Sadiq asws said: Abu Talib accepted Islam with methodology of Numerology, and He made 63 with his hand.

Sheikh sudooq made a chapter in Ma’ani-ul-Akhbar,

( معنى اسلام أبى طالب بحساب الجمل و عقده بيده على )

Meaning of acceptance of Islam by Abu Talib with Numerology, and making sign with hand

And he included an authentic narration[iii] in it

1 – حدثنا الحسين بن إبراهيم بن أحمد بن هشام المؤدب ، و علي بن عبد الله الوراق ، و أحمد بن زياد الهمداني ، قالوا : حدثنا علي بن إبراهيم بن هشام ، عن أبيه ، عن محمد بن أبي عمير ، عن المفضل بن عمر قال : قال أبو عبد الله عليه السلام : أسلم أبو طالب – رضي الله عنه – بحساب الجمل – و عقد بيده ثلاثة و ستين  – ثم قال عليه السلام : إن مثل أبي طالب مثل أصحاب الكف ، أسروا الايمان و أظهروا الشرك فآتاهم الله أجرهم مرتين .

Imam al-Sadiq asws said: Abu Talib accepted Islam with calculation of Numerology, and made sign of 63 with hands. Then He said: Abu Talib was like companions of al-Kahf, He concealed his faith, and expressed disbelief, so Allah will give him double reward.

Basically ( الجمل)  is type of numerology, in which every letter has a value. Sudooq told about Meaning of 63, as given by Hussein bin Rooh, in the next narration, that it means

الہ احد جواد[iv]

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FOOTNOTES:-

[i] Mohammad bin Hasan bin Ahmad bin Walid is Trustworthy (al-Mufid min Maujam Rijal ul Hadeeth, p. 513

Hasan bin Mateel was counted in trustworthy narrators by Hilli. See Khulasa, p. 105; also he has been called (وجہ من وجوہ اصحابنا ) in Rijal Najashi, p. 49; and these are counted as sign of trustworthiness and praise. (see Mustalihat ur Rijal wa al Diraya by Mohammd Reza Nijad, p. 189.

Hasan bin ali bin Fadal is Trustworthy. See al-Mufid, p. 148

Marwan bin Muslim is trustworthy. See al-Mufid, p. 599

Thabit bin Deenar, Abu Hamza Thamali is trustworthy. See al-Mufid, p. 96

Saeed bin Jubair is trustworthy. See al-Mufid, p. 250

Abdullah bin Abbas is great Sahabi in shia view. See al-Mufid, p. 338. He was counted in trustworthy Narrators (Khulasa, p. 190)

[ii]  Mohammad bin Yahya al-A’tar is trustworthy (al-Mufid, p. 588). Ahmad bin Mohammad bin E’sa Qummi is also trustworthy (al-Mufid, p. 44). His brother also took this Narration along with him, which further strengthens this chain.  They took this narration from Mohammad bin E’sa al-Asha’ri, and many scholars have termed him trustworthy, like Sheikh Ali Namazi in Mustadrakat I’lm Rijal ul Hadeeth, 7/275; al-Majlisi in al-Wajiza fi I’lm-ur-Rijal, p. 311; Hilli in Khulasa, p. 257. Abdullah bin Mughaira is Trustworthy too, (al Mufid, p. 350). Ismaeel bin abi Ziyad is also trustworthy, (al Mufid, p. 63).

[iii]  Ahmad bin Ziyad bin Ja’far Hamdani is trustworthy (al Mufid, p. 29). Two other narrators are also narrating alongwith him.

Ali ibn Ibrahim is very famous Shia Scholar and Narrator. So is the case with his father. Ibn Abi Umair is not just trustworthy, rather counted in Ashaab-ul-Ijm’a in Shia Rijal. Mofaddil ibn Umar is also trustworthy (al Mufid, p. 617)

[iv] It can be summarized in this manner that

 الف 1، لام 30، ھاء 5، = 36

الف 1، حا 8، دال 4 = 13

جیم 3، واؤ 6، الف 1 اور دال 4 = 14

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