Generally when any shia highlights any of the acts of Muawiyya, like Killing of A’mmar (r.a) etc; Sunnis forward the excuse that He was a Mujtahid, and as such is entitled for a reward.

Now, let us see how he used to do Ijtihaad. Would he consult Quran or Sunnah; or for that manner use Ijma’a.

Please read this narration from Musnad Ahmad, 28/71, research by Sheikh Sho’aib al-Arnawut.

16857 – حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ عَبَّادِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَبَّادٍ، قَالَ: لَمَّا قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ، حَاجًّا قَدِمْنَا مَعَهُ مَكَّةَ، قَالَ: فَصَلَّى بِنَا الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ إِلَى دَارِ النَّدْوَةِ، قَالَ: وَكَانَ عُثْمَانُ حِينَ أَتَمَّ الصَّلَاةَ، إِذَا قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ صَلَّى بِهَا الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الْآخِرَةَ أَرْبَعًا أَرْبَعًا، فَإِذَا خَرَجَ إِلَى مِنًى وَعَرَفَاتٍ قَصَرَ الصَّلَاةَ، فَإِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الْحَجِّ وَأَقَامَ بِمِنًى أَتَمَّ الصَّلَاةَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ، فَلَمَّا صَلَّى بِنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ (1) الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ نَهَضَ إِلَيْهِ مَرْوَانُ بْنُ

الْحَكَمِ وعَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ، فَقَالَا لَهُ: مَا عَابَ أَحَدٌ ابْنَ عَمِّكَ بِأَقْبَحِ مَا عِبْتَهُ بِهِ، فَقَالَ لَهُمَا: وَمَا ذَاكَ (1) ؟ قَالَ: فَقَالَا لَهُ: أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ أَتَمَّ الصَّلَاةَ بِمَكَّةَ، قَالَ: فَقَالَ لَهُمَا: وَيْحَكُمَا، وَهَلْ كَانَ غَيْرُ مَا صَنَعْتُ؟ ” قَدْ صَلَّيْتُهُمَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَمَعَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ “، رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَا: فَإِنَّ ابْنَ عَمِّكَ قَدْ كَانَ أَتَمَّهَا ، وَإِنَّ خِلَافَكَ إِيَّاهُ لَهُ عَيْبٌ، قَالَ: ” فَخَرَجَ مُعَاوِيَةُ إِلَى الْعَصْرِ فَصَلَّاهَا بِنَا (3) أَرْبَعًا “

A’bbad bin Abdullah bin Zubair stated

When Muawiyya came to us, we went with him for Hajj. So he lead Zuhr prayers and offered two rak’at. Then he went to his residence. Whereas Uthman would offer complete prayers when he would step in Mecca, and offer four rak’at for Zuhr, A’sr and I’sha. And when he would go to Mina, and A’rafat, he would offer less (means two rak’at). And when he would be free of Hajj, and would stay in Mina, he would complete prayers till he left Mecca.

When Muawiyya offered two rak’at of Zuhr, Marwan bin Hakam and Amr bin Uthman stood up, and they said: None has put an accusation worse/dirtier on your Cousin (means Uthman) than you.

He replid: How is that?

They said: Do you not know that He would offer complete prayers in Mecca?

Muawiyya said: Woe onto you! I though what bad did I do. I offered prayers with Holy Prophet, Abu Bakr and Umar (like this).

They said: But your cousin offered four, and your opposition to that is blemish.

So when he came for A’sr prayers, he offered four prayers.

Sheikh Sho’aib al-Arnawut termed the Chain Hasan in His research upon Musnad Ahmad.

Ibn Hajr termed the chain Hasan in Fath-ul-Bari, 2/157

What a reason to oppose the Sunnah……….

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