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It is a known fact that Sunnah is what has been done by Holy Prophet (asws), or that He has said it, or that someone did it in front of Him and He did not stop it.

Let us see If weeping while hearing about Imam Hussein’s Martyrdom is a Sunnah or not.

We refer to what has been mentioned by Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal in his Musnad,research of Sheikh Ahmad Shakir, 1/446, Hadeeth 648

 

عن عبد الله بن نجي عن أبيه أنه : سار مع علي رضي الله عنه وكان صاحب مطهرته فلما حاذى نينوى وهو منطلق إلى صفين فنادى علي رضي الله عنه : اصبر أبا عبد الله اصبر أبا عبد الله بشط الفرات قلت : وماذا قال : دخلت على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ذات يوم وعيناه تفيضان قلت : يا نبي الله أغضبك أحد ما شأن عيناك تفيضان قال : بل قام من عندي جبريل قبل فحدثني أن الحسين يقتل بشط الفرات قال : فقال : هل لك إلى أن أشمك من تربته قال : قلت : نعم فمد يده فقبض قبضة من تراب فأعطانيها فلم أملك عيني أن فاضتا

Abdullah Bin Naji narrates from his father who said : that he went with Ali  who was pure. When he passed Ninawa on his way to Siffin Ali  called: be patient Aba Abdillah be patient Aba Abdillah by ,the Euphrates river ,then I said: and why did you say? he said : Allah’s Prophet  came to me some day and his eyes were overflowed with tears, I said: O Prophet of Allah did someone make you angry why are your eyes overflowing? He said: Jibraeel left me after he told me that Al Hussein asws will be killed by the Euphrates river. He said: do you want to smell some of his soil? I said: yes. He took some of the soil in his hand and gave it to and gave it to me then I could not hold back my tears and my eyes overflowed.

Researcher of the book, Sheikh Ahmad Shakir says:-

Chain of Narration is Authentic, And it is present in Majma-uz-Zawaid, 9/187, and He (Haithmi) said: Narrated by Ahmad, Abu Y’ala, Bazaar, Tabarani, and Narrators are all Trustworthy, and Naji is not unique in Narrating it

Apart from Ahmad Shakir and Hafiz Haithmi, This narration has also been authenticated as Hasan/Good by Sheikh Hussein Saleem Asad in his Research upon Musnad Abu Y’ala, 1/297, Hadeeth 363.

Shokani also authenticated this narration in his book, Dur-as-Sahaba, p. 297; and He said:-

And it is narrated by Ahmad, Abu Y’ala, Bazaar and Tabarani in al-Kabeer with Chain having Trustworthy narrators…….

 

Please see following posts as well in regards to this topic

 

https://ahlubait.wordpress.com/2010/07/23/weeping-for-imam-husseinauthentic-sunni-hadeeth-2/

https://ahlubait.wordpress.com/2010/07/24/prophets-asws-and-10th-moharram-sahih-sunni-narration/

https://ahlubait.wordpress.com/2011/04/19/islamic-status-of-azadari-of-imam-hussein-asws/

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we find in FADAIL, shazan bin jibrail qummi

page 83-85

(حديث مفاخرة علي بن ابي طالب (ع) مع ولده الحسين (ع) قال حدثنا سليمان بن مهران قال حدثنا جابر عن مجاهد قال حدثنا عبد الله بن عباس قال حدثنا رسول الله قال لما عرج بي إلى السماء رأيت على باب الجنة مكتوبا لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله علي ولي الله والحسن والحسين سبطا رسول الله وفاطمة الزهراء صفوة الله وعلى ناكرهم وباغضبم لعنة الله تعالى (قيل) إن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله كان جالسا ذات يوم وعنده الامام علي بن ابي طالب (ع) إذ دخل الحسين بن علي فاخذه النبي (ع) واجلسه في حجره وقبل بين عينيه وقبل شفتيه وكان للحسين (ع) ست سنين فقال على (ع) يا رسول الله أتحب ولدي الحسين قال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وكيف لا أحبه وهو عضو من اعضائي فقال علي (ع) يا رسول الله ايما أحب اليك انا ام الحسين فقال الحسين يا ابتي من كان أعلى شرفا كان احب إلى النبي صلى الله عليه وآله واقرب إليه منزلة قال علي (ع) لولده اتفاخرني يا حسين قال نعم يا ابتاه ان شئت فقال له الامام علي (ع) يا حسين انا امير المؤمنين انا لسان الصادقين انا وزير المصطفي انا خازن علم الله ومختاره من خلقه انا قائد السابقين إلى الجنة انا قاضي الدين عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله انا الذى عمه سيد في الجنة انا الذى اخوه جعفر الطيار في الجنة عند الملائكة انا قاضي الرسول انا آخذ له باليميين انا حامل سورة التنزيل إلى اهل مكة بأمر الله تعالى انا الذى اختارني الله تعالى من خلقه انا حبل الله المتين الذى امر الله تعالى خلقه ان يعصموا به في قوله تعالى واعتصموا بحبل الله جميعا انا نجم الله الزاهر انا الذي تزوره ملائكة السموات انالسان الله الناطق انا حجة الله تعالى على خلقه انا يد الله القوى انا وجه الله تعالى في السموات انا جنب الله الظاهر انا الذى قال الله سبحانه وتعالى في وفي حقى بل عباد مكرمون لا يسبقونه بالقول وهم بأمره يعملون انا عروة الله الوثقى التي لا انفصام لها والله سميع عليم انا باب الله

الذى يؤتى منه انا علم الله على الصراط انا بيت الله من دخله كان آمنا فمن تمسك بولايتي ومحبتي أمن من النار وانا قاتل الناكثين والقاسطين والمارقين انا قاتل الكافرين انا أبو اليتامى انا كهف الارامل انا عم يتسائلون عن ولايتي يوم القيامة قوله تعالى ثم لنسئلن يومئذ عن النعيم انا نعمة الله تعالى التى انعم الله بها على خلقه انا الذى قال الله تعالى في وفي حقي اليوم اكملت لكم دينكم واتممت عليكم نعمتي لكم ورضيت لكم الاسلام دينا فمن أحبني كان مسلما مؤمنا كامل الدين انا الذى بي اهتديتم انا الذى قال الله تبارك وتعالى في وفي عدوى وقفوهم أنهم مسؤلون أي عن ولايتى يوم القيامة انا النبأ العظيم الذي اكمل الله تعالى به الدين يوم غدير خم وخيبر انا الذي قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله في من كنت مولاه فعلى مولاه انا صلاة المومن انا حي على الصلاة انا حي على الفلاح انا حي على العمل انا الذي نزل على اعدائي سأل سائل بعذاب واقع للكافرين ليس له دافع بمعنى من انكر ولايتى وهو النعمان ابن الحارث اليهودي لعنه الله تعالى انا داعى الانام إلى الحوض فهل داعى المؤمنين غيرى انا أبو الائمة الطاهرين من ولدى انا ميزان القسط ليوم القيامة انا يعسوب الدين انا قائد المؤمنين إلى الخيرات والغفران إلى ربي انا الذى اصحاب يوم القيامة من اوليائي المبرأون من اعدائي وعند الموت لا يخافون ولا يحزنون وفى قبورهم لا يعذبون وهم الشهداء و الصديقون وعند ربهم يفرحون انا الذى شيعتي متوثقون ان لا بوادوا من حاد الله و رسوله ولو كانوا آباءهم أو ابناءهم ان الذى شيعتي يدخلون الجنة بغير حساب انا الذى عندي ديوان الشيعة باسمائهم انا عون المؤمنين وشفيع لهم عند رب العالمين انا الضارب بالسيفين انا الطاعن بالرمحين انا قاتل الكافرين يوم بدر وحنين انا مردي الكماة يوم احد انا ضارب ابن عبد ود لعنه الله تعالى يوم الاحزاب انا قاتل عمرو ومرحب انا قاتل فرسان خيبر انا الذي قال في الامين جبرئيل

عليه السلام لا سيف إلا ذو الفقار ولافتى إلا على انا صاحب فتح مكة انا كاسر اللات والعزى انا الهادم هبل الاعلى ومنوة الثالثة الاخرى انا علوت على كتف النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وكسرت الاصنام انا الذي كسرت يغوث ويعوق ونسرا انا الذى قاتلت الكافرين في سبيل الله انا الذى تصدق الخاتم انا الذى نمت على فراش النبي صلى الله عليه وآله ووقيته بنفسي من المشركين انا الذى يخاف الجن من بأسي انا الذي به يعبد الله انا ترجمان الله انا علم الله انا عيبة علم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله انا قاتل اهل الجمل وصفين بعد رسول الله انا قسيم الجنة والنار فعندها سكت على (ع) فقال النبي صلى الله عليه وآله للحسين (ع) اسمعت يا ابا عبد الله ما قاله ابوك وهو عشر عشير معشار ما قاله من فضاله ومن الف الف فضيلة وهو فوق ذلك أعلى فقال الحسين – ع – الحمد لله الذى فضلنا على كثير من عباده المؤمنين وعلى جميع المخلوقين وخص جدنا بالتنزيل والتأويل والصدق ومناجاة الامين جبرئيل – ع – وجعلنا خيار من اصطفاه الجليل ورفعنا على الخلق اجمعين ثم قال الحسين عليه السلام اما ما ذكرت يا أمير المؤمنين فأنت فيه صادق امين فقال النبي – ص – اذكر انت يا ولدي فضائلك فقال الحسين – ع – يا ابت انا الحسين بن علي بن ابي طالب – ع – وامي فاطمة الزهراء سيدة نساء العالمين وجدى محمد المصطفى – ص – سيد بني آدم اجمعين لاريب فيه يا علي أمي افضل من امك عند الله وعند الناس اجمعين وجدى خير من جدك وافضل عند الله وعند الناس اجمعين وانا في المهد ناغاني جبرئيل وتلقاني اسرافيل يا على انت عند الله تعالى افضل مني وانا افخر منك بالآباء والامهات والاجداد قال ثم ان الحسين – ع – اعتنق اباه وجعل يقبله واقبل على (ع) يقبل ولده الحسين وهو

http://www.yasoob.com/books/htm1/m013/12/no1211.html

ibn abbas narrates that holy prophet said when i visited skies, i saw it written on the doors of heaven that there is no god but allah and mohammad is his prophet and ali is wali of allah and hassan and hussein are sons of prophet and fatima is sifwatullah, whosoever rejected them or did ghazab/zulm on them, there will be lanat of allah on him. he then said

One day holy prophet was sitting and amir ul momineen was present with him, imam Hussein came there, prophet took him in his lap; and kissed his forehead and lips; at that time his age was not more than 6 years;

Ali said “o prophet! Do you love my son?”

Prophet said “how can I not love when he is a part of me”

Ali said “do u keep me more friend or hussein?”

Hussein replied “father who is better in nasab/lineage and sharaf, he will be more beloved, and greater in status”

Ali said “should we not tell our pride”

Hussein said “I am willing”

Mola said

O Hussein “I am amir-ul-momineen, tongue of truthful, helper of Mustafa, treasurer of knowledge of allah, chosen one in his creation, the guide to heaven of the people of earlier times,

The one who paid the debts of holy prophet, hamza is my uncle who lives in paradise, jafar is my brother who flies with angels in paradise, I am judge from prophet’s side, I am I am his right hand, I am the one who took surat-ul-baraat by the order of allah to people of mecca, I am the one who was chosen by allah in his creation

I am that strong rope regarding which allah said .

I am the shining star of allah,

I am the one whom angels do ziarat/look

I am the tongue of allah

I am his hujjat over his people,

I am his strong hand

I am his face in skies

I am his shining side

I am the one regarding whom allah said “they are the respected people who do not step ahead of him and always follow his orders”

I am that handhold which will not break, allah is all listening and all knowing.

I am the door to allah from which one should gain entry

I am his knowledge on siraat/path

I am the baitullah/house of allah, whosoever entered, he got peace.

And whosoever got hold of my wilayat and love, he is safe from hellfire.

I am the one who killed oath breakers of jamal, cruel of sifeen, and out of religion kharajis,

I am killer of kuffar, Father of orphans, Safe guard of widows

I am the one who wilayat will be asked on the day of qaymat.

And allah said

“you will be asked regarding blessings”

And I am that blessing which has been given to people

I am the one regarding whom allah said

“I perfected deen on this day and completed my blessings, and I m willing that islam is your religion”

So who will love me, will be a muslim, and such a momin whose religion is perfect.

I am the one because  of whom you gained guidance,

And allah said regarding my enemies “stop them, they have to be asked

I am the great news by which allah perfected his religion on the day of ghadeer and khaiber,

I am the one regarding whom prophet said “whosoever I am mola of, ali is his mola”

I am the prayer of momin

I am HAYA ALA SALAT

I am HAYA ALAL FALAH

I am HAYA ALA KHAIR IL AMAL,

I am the one for the enemies of whom allah said

“a questioner asked for such punishment which was to happen, and and which cannot be stopped” [surat ul maariaj, 1, 2]\

And the kafirs mean those who reject my wilayat like noman bin harith al yahoodi, may the curse of allah be on him

i will call people to the pond, and no one else will call momins; I am father of tahir aimmah; I am the weighing machine on the day of qayamat; I am the yasoob-ud-deen, I am the one who is leader of momineen to the good; I am the forgiveness from allah; my companions will be my friends on that day as they parted away from my enemies , they will not be scared at the time of death, and they will not be worried; and they will not be punished in their graves; they will be martyrs and truthful on that day who will be happy;

I am the one whose shias took oath that they will not be friend with enemies of allah and his prophet and will not have friendly relations with them even if they are their parents or sons

I am the one whose shias will enter paradise without judgment; I am the one who has his shias name written in file;

I am the helper of momins, and will do their shafaat in the court of allah

I am the one who hit with two swords and two lancers; I am the one who killed kafirs in badar and hunain; I am the one who killed well armed kafirs in uhud; I am the one who killed amr bin abdaood in ihzaab; I am the one who killed amr and marhab, I am the one who killed brave men of khaiber

I am the one regarding whom jibrail said “there is no victory without ali and there is no sword without dhulfiqar”

I am the one who won mecca; I am the one who destroyed laat and aza; and destroyed their glory; I vanished habal and manat; I am the one who destroyed idols while standing on the shoulders of prophet; I am the one who destroyed yaghooth, yaooq and nasr(idols); I am the  one who killed kafirs for the sake of allah;

I am the one who gave ring to the asker; I am the one who slept on the bed of prophet, and saved him by from mushriks;

I am the one from whom jins are scared; I am the one because of whom allah is worshipped; I am the translator of allah’s revelation; and mirror of his knowledge.

I am the one who killed fighters in sifeen and jamal; I am the distributor of heaven and hell.

At that time ali stopped (got quiet)

Holy prophet told imam Hussein “o Hussein! Did u hear what your father said? What he counted is 1/10th of tenth part of his fadial; rather he is greater than this.

Imam Hussein said

“all glories are for allah who gave some momineen preference over all creation; and chose our grand father for the revelation of quran, and its explanation, and speaking to jibrail; and made us from amongst the chosen ones, and gave us preference and height over all creation”

Then imam Hussein said

“o amir ul momineen! Whatever you said is all correct”

Prophet then said

“o Hussein! Now tell about yourself”

Hussein said

“o father! I am son of ali bin abi talib, I m son of syedah tun nisa Fatima Zahra, I am grand son of mohammad Mustafa who is the chief of bani adam and there is no doubt in that;

O ali! My mother is greater than yours near allah and all people; and my grand father is greater than yours near allah and all people, I am the one whose cradle was moved by jibrail, and israfeel came to see me;

“o ali! You are greater than me near allah, and I take pride over you in terms of forefathers and mothers”

Then Hussein stood up and hug his father and kissed him; and ali took him near his chest, and kissed him; and said

“o abu abduallah! may allah increase you greatness, pride, knowledge, hilm, and may allah curse those who will be cruel to you”

we find in tareekhcha-e-azadari-hussein, written by syed salih shehristani, page 13, 2nd edition, 2005, published by idara pasban islam, bhalwal.

“imam hussein asws said

“after my death, allah will make appear a nation who will be able to differentiate between right and wrong; they will do ziarat of our graves; and weep on our problems; i and my grandfather keep them friends; and they will be come with us on the day of judgment”

here is the scan:-

We find in amali, sheikh tusi, urdu version, printed by idara minhaj us saliheen, Lahore, first edition, june 2009; chapter 11, page 469;

and the same narration in “tareekhcha-e-azadari-e-Hussein” written by syed salih shaharstani, published by idara pasban islam, Bhalwal, 2nd edition, 2005, page 156-157

that :-

Abdullah ibn abbass narrates that I was sleeping in my home when I heard a scream from the house of umma salma;

I went out and paid attention to her house which was in front of me; men and women of madina had gathered there;

When I reached there, I asked her

“o mother of momineen! What has happened and why are you crying like this?”

She did not reply, rather looked at the hashmi women and said

“o daughters of abdul motallab! Give me porsa/ condolence and cry with me as your chief and chief of men of paradise has been martyred. By god! He has been martyred”

She was asked “how did you come to know?”

She replied

“I just saw holy prophet in my dream, and saw that his hair are spread around and he was sad; I asked “o prophet! What has happened to you?” and he replied “umm salma! My son Hussein and his ahlubait has been martyred and I was burying them and just finished that.”

I woke up and went to the room. I was unable to understand anything. So picked that soil which was of grave of Hussein(jibrail brought that for prophet and he was told that once it changes to blood, it would mean that he has been martyred); prophet told me that keep it in a bottle; when I saw that, It had changed to blood and It was boiling.

Ibn abbass says that she took blood from that and rubbed it on her face. And spent that day in matam and weeping. And then a traveler brought the news that imam had been martyred.

Amr bin thabit says that my father met imam baqir asws and asked him about this narration and told him that saeeb bin jubair and Abdullah bin abbass had quoted this.

Imam replied that he was told this by umar bin abu salma from umm salma

Ibn abbass narrates that saeed bin jubair said when it turned night, I saw prophet in the dreams, with scattered hair and dust in hair. I asked him as to what has happened and prophet replied that

“are you not aware that I just finished burying Hussein and his friends”

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