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Let us see some narrations in this regard

Sheikh Sudooq makes a chapter in this regard in his book, A’yoon Akhbar ur Raza asws, saying

بابُ مَعْرِفَتِهِ‏ عَلَيْهِ السَّلامُ بِجَمِيعِ اللُّغات‏

CHAPTER ON AL-REZA’S KNOWLEDGE OF ALL THE LANGUAGES

[A’yoon Akhbar ur Raza, vol 2, page 228-229]
He mentions 

NARRATION 1

1 – حَدَّثَنَا أبِي رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُ قَالَ حَدَّثَنَا سَعْدُ بْنُ عَبْدِ اللهِ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ جَزَكَ عَنْ يَاسِرٍ الخَادِمِ قَالَ كَانَ غُلْمَانٌ لأبِي الْحَسَنِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ فِي الْبَيْتِ صَقَالِبَةً وَرُومِيَّةً وَكَانَ أبُو الْحَسَنِ عَلَيْهِ السَّلاَمُ قَرِيباً مِنْهُمْ فَسَمِعَهُمْ بِاللَّيْلِ يَتَرَاطَنُونَ بِالصَّقْلَبِيَّةِ وَالرُّومِيَّةِ وَيَقُولُونَ إنّا كُنَّا نَفْتَصِدُ فِي كُلِّ سَنَةٍ فِي بِلادِنَا ثُمَّ لَيْسَ نَفْتَصِدُ هَاهُنَا فَلَمَّا كَانَ مِنَ الْغَدِ وَجَّهَ أبُو الْحَسَنِ إلى بَعْضِ الأطِبَّاءِ فَقَالَ لَهُ افْصُدْ فُلاناً عِرْقَ كَذا وَافْصُدْ فُلاناً عِرْقَ كَذَا وَافْصُدْ فُلاناً عِرْقَ كَذا وَافْصُدْ هَذا عِرْقَ كَذَا. ثُمَّ قَالَ: يَا يَاسِرُ لا تَفْتَصِدُ أنْتَ؟ قَالَ فَافْتَصَدْتُ فَوَرُمَتْ يَدِي وَاحْمَرَّتْ. فَقَالَ لِي يَا يَاسِرُ مَالَكَ؟ فَأخْبَرْتُهُ. فَقَالَ: أَلَمْ أنْهَكَ عَنْ ذَلِكَ؟ هَلُمَّ يَدَكَ. فَمَسَحَ يَدَهُ عَلَيْهَا وَتَفَلَ فِيهَا ثُمَّ أوْصَانِي أنْ لا أتَعَشَّى. فَمَكَثْتُ بَعْدَ ذَلِكَ مَا شَاءَ اللهُ لا أتَعَشَّى ثُمَّ أُغَافِلُ فَأتَعَشَّى فَيَضْرِبُ عَلَيَّ.
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we find in kamal-ud-din sheikh sudooq, chapter 21, hadeeth 202

5 – حدثنا أبي رضي الله عنه قال: حدثنا سعدبن عبدالله قال: حدثنا محمدبن الحسين بن أبي الخطاب، عن أبي داود سليمان بن سفيان المسترق، عن أحمد بن عمر الحلال قال: قتل لابي الحسن الرضا عليه السلام: إنا روينا عن أبي عبدالله عليه السلام أنه قال: إن الارض لاتبقى بغير إمام، أو تبقى ولا إمام فيها؟ فقال: معاذ الله لاتبقى ساعة إذا لساخت.

http://www.al-shia.org/html/ara/books/lib-hadis/kamal-din/a36.htm

ahmad bin umar halal asked imam abu hasan raza asws that we have a narration form imam abu abdullah asws that he said that earth cannot survive without imam asws or he said earth can survive without imam asws?

so he said: ma’adullah, (earth cannot), if he is not there for a split of a second, it will sink

ISNAAD ANALYSIS

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Maarifat means that you know some one by the qualities which no one else has

and so, i will share this hadeeth with you so that you can come to know the grand qualities of imamat.

This hadeet is from al-kafi, vol 1, page 203-205, hadeeth no. 2
in urdu version available in pakistan, it is vol 2, page 69-71, hadeeth no.2


2 – محمد بن يحيى، عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى، عن الحسن بن محبوب، عن إسحاق بن غالب،

عن أبي عبدالله (عليه السلام) في خطبة له يذكر فيها حال الائمة (عليه السلام) و صفاتهم: أن الله

عزوجل أوضح بأئمة الهدى من أهل بيت نبينا عن دينه، وأبلج بهم عن سبيل منهاجه، وفتح بهم عن

باطن ينابيع علمه، فمن عرف من امة محمد (صلى الله عليه وآله) واجب حق إمامه، وجد طعم

حلاوة إيمانه، وعلم فضل طلاوة إسلامه ، لان الله تبارك وتعالى نصب الامام علما لخلقه،

وجعله حجة على أهل مواده وعالمه ، وألبسه الله تاج الوقار، وغشاه من نور الجبار، يمد بسبب

إلى السماء، ولا ينقطع عنه مواده، ولا ينال ما عند الله إلا بجهة أسبابه، ولا يقبل الله أعمال العباد إلا

بمعرفته، فهو عالم بما يرد عليه من متلبسات الدجى، ومعميات السنن، ومشبهات الفتن، فلم يزل الله

تبارك وتعالى يختارهم لخلقه من ولد الحسين (عليه السلام) من عقب كل إمام، يصطفيهم لذلك

ويجتبيهم، ويرضي بهم لخلقه ويرتضيهم، كل ما مضى منهم إمام نصب لخلقه من عقبه إماما، علما

بينا، وهاديا نيرا، وإماما قيما، وحجة عالما، أئمة من الله، يهدون بالحق وبه يعدلون، حجج الله

ودعاته ورعاته على خلقه، يدين بهديهم

العباد وتستهل بنورهم البلاد، وينمو ببركتهم التلاد، جعلهم الله حياة للانام، ومصابيح للظلام،

ومفاتيح للكلام، ودعائم للاسلام، جرت بذلك فيهم مقادير الله على محتومها.
فالامام هو المنتجب المرتضى، والهادي المنتجى، والقائم المترجى، اصطفاه الله بذلك واصطنعه

على عينه في الذر حين ذرأه، وفي البرية حين برأه، ظلا قبل خلق نسمة عن يمين عرشه، محبوا

بالحكمة في علم الغيب عنده، اختاره بعلمه، وانتجبه لطهره، بقية من آدم (عليه السلام) وخيرة من

ذرية نوح، ومصطفى من آل إبراهيم، وسلالة من إسماعيل، وصفوة من عترة محمد (صلى الله

عليه وآله) لم يزل مرعيا بعين الله، يحفظه ويكلؤه بستره، مطرودا عنه حبائل إبليس وجنوده،

مدفوعا عنه وقوب الغواسق ونفوث كل فاسق، مصروفا عنه قوارف السوء، مبرء ا من العاهات،

محجوبا عن الآفات، معصوما من الزلات، مصونا عن الفواحش كلها، معروفا بالحلم والبر في

يفاعه، منسوبا إلى العفاف والعلم والفضل عند انتهائه، مسندا إليه أمر والده، صامتا عن المنطق في

حياته.
فإذا انقضت مدة والده، إلى أن انتهت به مقادير الله إلى مشيئته، وجاءت الارادة من الله فيه إلى

محبته، وبلغ منتهى مدة والده (عليه السلام) فمضى وصار أمر الله إليه من بعده، وقلده دينه، وجعله

الحجة على عباده، وقيمه في بلاده، وأيده بروحه، وآتاه علمه، وأنبأه فصل بيانه، واستودعه سره،

وانتدبه لعظيم أمره، وأنبأه فضل بيان علمه، ونصبه علما لخلقه، وجعله حجة على أهل عالمه،

وضياء لاهل دينه، والقيم على عباده، رضي الله به إماما لهم، استودعه سره، واستحفظه علمه،

واستخبأه حكمته واسترعاه لدينه وانتدبه لعظيم أمره، وأحيا به مناهج سبيله وفرائضه وحدوده، فقام

بالعدل عند تحير أهل الجهل، وتحيير أهل الجدل، بالنور الساطع،والشفاء النافع، بالحق الابلج، والبيان اللائح من كل مخرج، على طريق المنهج، الذي مضى عليه


الصادقون من آبائه (عليهم السلام)، فليس يجهل حق هذا العالم إلا شقي، ولا يجهده إلا غوي، ولا

يصد عنه إلا جري على الله جل وعلا.

let us see the english translation for this hadeeth

Muhammad ibn Yahya has narrated from Ahmad ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Isa from al-Hasan ibn
Mahbub from Ishaq ibn Ghalib from abu ‘Abdallah (a.s.) who has described the condition of
the Imams (a.s.) and their attributes in one of his sermons.
“Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has explained His religion through the Imams of (true)
guidance from the family of our Prophet (s.a.) the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.), and has clear through
them the path of His system and plan. He has opened through them the inside of the springs of
His knowledge. Whoever of the followers of Muhammad (s.a.) has recognized his obligation
towards the rights of his Imam he has realized the taste of the sweetness of his faith and the
superior beauty of his Islam. It is because Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has appointed
the Imam the torchbearer for His creatures and authority over those who receive His blessings
of His world. He has crowned him with dignity and has encompassed him in the Light of His
Omnipotence. He extends a means to the heavens. The blessings do not discontinue from him.
Nothing from what is with Allah is achieved except through its right means. Allah does not
accept the good deeds of His servants without one’s recognition of the Imam (a.s.). The Imam
(a.s.) knows how to sort out the dark confusing matters and whatever obscures the Sunnah
(tradition of the Holy Prophet (s.a.) and the confounding matters in mischievous conditions.

Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High, has always been choosing the Imams from the
descendants of al-Husayn (a.s.) one after the other Imam. He would select and choose them
for the leadership of His creatures delightfully and well satisfied with them. Whenever one
Imam would leave this world He would appoint for His creatures his successor as a clear
beacon and a shining guide, a guarding leader, a knowledgeable Divine authority. The Imams
from Allah guide people with the truth and with the truth they judge. They are Allah’s
authority calling people to Him and as shepherds of His creatures. With their guidance people
follow the religion and from them the land receive light. Through their holiness the bounties
increase. Allah has made them life for the people and the torches in the darkness, the keys to
communication and the strongholds for Islam. Thus, has the measures of Allah continued in
them towards His final decision.

“The Imam is the outstanding amicable person, the most trusted guide and the guardian who
can make hopes come true. Allah has chosen him with such distinctions. He choose him as
such in the realm when all things were in the form of particles in the instance that He made
him made him a particle and in the realm in which all things were designed as He had
designed him (well-protected) as a shadow??, before He made the organisms, on the right side
of His throne, gifted with wisdom in the unseen knowledge with Him. He chose him in His
knowledge and granted him outstanding nobility for his purity. He is a heir of Adam, the best
one among the descendents, the chosen one of the family of Abraham, a descendent of Ismael
and of the most preferred ones in the family of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.). He has always been
looked after by the watchful eyes of Allah Who would provide him security and guard him
with His shield, well protected against the evil nets of Satan and his armies. He is well
defended against the approaching dark nights and the false accusations of the evil doers. All
wickedness is kept away from him and he kept safe against all forms of defects and flaws. He
is veiled against all the scourge and infallible in the case of sins. He is kept safe and sound
against all indecencies. He is well known for his forbearance and virtuousness in the early
days of his life and great knowledge, chastity and excellence are ascribed to him towards the
end of his life. The task of Imamt (leadership) of his father rests with him while in the lifetime
of his father he remained silent.


When the time of the Imamat (leadership) of his father ends it is the time when the measures
of Allah ends up with him to His wish, the will from Allah brings him to His love, thus, the
end of the Imamat of his father comes and he passes away. The authority from Allah shifts to
him after his father. He then is made in charge of His religion and the Divine authority over
His servants, the guardian over His lands, supported with His spirit and is given of His
knowledge. He raises him as a beacon for His creatures, makes him to have His authority over
the people of his world and as the light for the people of His religion and a guardian for His
servants. Allah will agree to have him as Imam of the people, entrust him with His secret,
makes him a safe-keeper of His knowledge, and makes him to hide His wisdom in him. He
protects him for His religion calls up on him to serve His great task, revives through him the
phases of His system (of religion) and the obligations in His laws.

The Imam then enforces justice, when the people of ignorance are confused and the disputing
and quarrelling people are frustrated, with shining light, the beneficial cure and radiant truth.
He would do so with clear explanations of all aspects and just in the manner and practice his
truthful father and forefathers would do before him. No one would ignore the rights of such
scholar except the wicked ones. No one would struggle against him except those who have
strayed away from the right path. No one would keep away from him except those who keep a
bold face against Allah, the Most Holy, the Most High.

GRADING OF HADEETH

allama majlisi termed it sahih in miraat-ul-uqool, vol 2, page 400

we find in sahih bukhari,

Volume 9, Book 89, Number 306:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said, “Allah never sends a prophet or gives the Caliphate to a Caliph but that he (the prophet or the Caliph) has two groups of advisors: A group advising him to do good and exhorts him to do it, and the other group advising him to do evil and exhorts him to do it. But the protected person (against such evil advisors) is the one protected by Allah.’

the hadeeth is self explanatory.

please do read the article,

infallibility from quran

https://ahlubait.wordpress.com/2010/02/04/infallibility-from-quran/

following is the link to a great book, named

one hundred incredible virtues of ali and his sons, by ibn shazan

it is in english, and here is the link to this great book

http://www.scribd.com/full/6222644?access_key=key-1h1kmtt65b0v74c9rtgu

we find in tareekhcha-e-azadari-hussein, written by syed salih shehristani, page 13, 2nd edition, 2005, published by idara pasban islam, bhalwal.

“imam hussein asws said

“after my death, allah will make appear a nation who will be able to differentiate between right and wrong; they will do ziarat of our graves; and weep on our problems; i and my grandfather keep them friends; and they will be come with us on the day of judgment”

here is the scan:-

we find that holy prophet said


607 حدثنا ابن نمير، حدثنا الأعمش، عن عدي بن ثابت، عن زر بن حبيش، قال قال علي رضي الله عنه والله إنه مما عهد إلي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه لا يبغضني إلا منافق ولا يحبني إلا مؤمن‏.‏

narrator says that ali said that
“by god! no doubt that prophet promised me that none will have grudge/boghz for me except hypocrite;; and none will have love for me except momin”

also

we find

693 حدثنا وكيع، حدثنا الأعمش، عن عدي بن ثابت، عن زر بن حبيش، عن علي، رضي الله عنه قال عهد إلي النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه لا يحبك إلا مؤمن ولا يبغضك إلا منافق‏

from masnad imam ahmad
link:- http://www.al-eman.com/hadeeth/viewchp.asp?BID=3&CID=6#s1

and we find this in tirmidhi


4082 – حدثنا قتيبة، حدثنا جعفر بن سليمان، عن أبي هارون العبدي، عن أبي سعيد الخدري، قال إنا كنا لنعرف المنافقين نحن معشر الأنصار ببغضهم علي بن أبي طالب ‏.‏

abu saeed khidri said that we recognized monafiqs in the society of ansar by their grudge against ali ibn talib.


4083 – حدثنا واصل بن عبد الأعلى، حدثنا محمد بن فضيل، عن عبد الله بن عبد الرحمن أبي النصر، عن المساور الحميري، عن أمه، قالت دخلت على أم سلمة فسمعتها تقول، كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقول ‏”‏ لا يحب عليا منافق ولا يبغضه مؤمن ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قال وفي الباب عن علي ‏.‏ وهذا حديث حسن غريب من هذا الوجه ‏.‏ وعبد الله بن عبد الرحمن هو أبو نصر الوراق وروى عنه سفيان الثوري

“holy prophet said that monafiq will not love ali; and

momin will not have grudge/boghz of ali”

this hadeeth is termed hasan ghareeb by tirmidhi

‏ وهذا حديث حسن غريب

4101 – حدثنا عيسى بن عثمان ابن أخي، يحيى بن عيسى حدثنا أبو عيسى الرملي، عن الأعمش، عن عدي بن ثابت، عن زر بن حبيش، عن علي، قال لقد عهد إلى النبي الأمي صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏”‏ أنه لا يحبك إلا مؤمن ولا يبغضك إلا منافق ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قال عدي بن ثابت أنا من القرن الذين دعا لهم النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ‏.‏ قال أبو عيسى هذا حديث حسن صحيح

“holy prophet said that none will love ali except momin;; and none will have his boghz except monafiq”

just see the remarks of abu esa
he said

قال أبو عيسى هذا حديث حسن صحيح

online link of tirmidhi’s chapter is:- http://www.al-eman.com/hadeeth/viewchp.asp?BID=9&CID=151#s2

and we find this in sunan ibn maja



119 – حدثنا علي بن محمد، حدثنا وكيع، وأبو معاوية وعبد الله بن نمير عن الأعمش، عن عدي بن ثابت، عن زر بن حبيش، عن علي، قال عهد إلى النبي الأمي ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ أنه لا يحبني إلا مؤمن ولا يبغضني إلا منافق

“ali said that holy prophet asws promised me that none will love me except momin;; and none will have boghz for me except monafiq”

http://www.al-eman.com/hadeeth/viewchp.asp?BID=4&CID=2#s16

and we find in

تفسير الدر المنثور في التفسير بالمأثور/ السيوطي

that


وأخرج ابن مردويه وابن عساكر عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه في قوله { ولتعرفنهم في لحن القول } قال: ببغضهم علي بن أبي طالب

and also


وأخرج ابن مردويه عن ابن مسعود رضي الله عنه قال: ما كنا نعرف المنافقين على عهد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إلا ببغضهم علي بن أبي طالب

http://www.altafsir.com/Tafasir.asp?tMadhNo=0&tTafsirNo=26&tSoraNo=47&tAyahNo=30&tDisplay=yes&UserProfile=0&LanguageId=1

the last hadeeth is from

الحاكم في المستدرك ج3 ص129

حدثنا بو جعفر احمد بن عبيد الحافظ بهمدان ثنا الحسن بن علي الفسوي ثنا اسحاق بن بشر الكاهلي ثنا شريك عن قيس بن مسلم عن ابي عبد الله الجدلي عن ابي ذر رضي الله عنه قال : ما كنا نعرف المنافقين الا بتكذيبهم الله وررسوله ، والتخلف عن الصلوات ، والبغض لعلي بن ابي طالب رضي الله عنه


“abu zar said that we would not recognize monafiq but by their neglection/takzeeb of allah, his prophet, delay in salat, and BOGHZ OF ALI IBN TALIB

THE COMMENTS OF HAKIM

هذا حديث صحيح على شرط مسلم ولم يخرجاه

so this hadeeth is sahih as per standards of muslim.

we find in

تذكرة الحفاظ – الذهبي


the reason why imam mohammad bin ali asws was named baqir; we see


109 – ع أبو جعفر الباقر محمد بن علي بن الحسين

and he wrote

وكان سيد بني هاشم في زمانه اشتهر بالباقر من قولهم بقر العلم يعني شقه
فعلم أصله وخفيه

he was chief/syed of bani hashim, and was famous at that time as baqir, and that stood for baqr-ul-ilm, that is splitting the knowledge;; thus, he knew what was the apparent and hidden.

http://www.islamww.com/booksww/book_larg_text.php?bkid=1873

the last wordings are very interesting, he knew what was apparent and what was hidden.

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