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Generally when any shia highlights any of the acts of Muawiyya, like Killing of A’mmar (r.a) etc; Sunnis forward the excuse that He was a Mujtahid, and as such is entitled for a reward.

Now, let us see how he used to do Ijtihaad. Would he consult Quran or Sunnah; or for that manner use Ijma’a.

Please read this narration from Musnad Ahmad, 28/71, research by Sheikh Sho’aib al-Arnawut.

16857 – حَدَّثَنَا يَعْقُوبُ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبِي، عَنِ ابْنِ إِسْحَاقَ، حَدَّثَنَا يَحْيَى بْنُ عَبَّادِ بْنِ عَبْدِ اللهِ بْنِ الزُّبَيْرِ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ عَبَّادٍ، قَالَ: لَمَّا قَدِمَ عَلَيْنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ، حَاجًّا قَدِمْنَا مَعَهُ مَكَّةَ، قَالَ: فَصَلَّى بِنَا الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، ثُمَّ انْصَرَفَ إِلَى دَارِ النَّدْوَةِ، قَالَ: وَكَانَ عُثْمَانُ حِينَ أَتَمَّ الصَّلَاةَ، إِذَا قَدِمَ مَكَّةَ صَلَّى بِهَا الظُّهْرَ وَالْعَصْرَ وَالْعِشَاءَ الْآخِرَةَ أَرْبَعًا أَرْبَعًا، فَإِذَا خَرَجَ إِلَى مِنًى وَعَرَفَاتٍ قَصَرَ الصَّلَاةَ، فَإِذَا فَرَغَ مِنَ الْحَجِّ وَأَقَامَ بِمِنًى أَتَمَّ الصَّلَاةَ حَتَّى يَخْرُجَ مِنْ مَكَّةَ، فَلَمَّا صَلَّى بِنَا مُعَاوِيَةُ (1) الظُّهْرَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ نَهَضَ إِلَيْهِ مَرْوَانُ بْنُ

الْحَكَمِ وعَمْرُو بْنُ عُثْمَانَ، فَقَالَا لَهُ: مَا عَابَ أَحَدٌ ابْنَ عَمِّكَ بِأَقْبَحِ مَا عِبْتَهُ بِهِ، فَقَالَ لَهُمَا: وَمَا ذَاكَ (1) ؟ قَالَ: فَقَالَا لَهُ: أَلَمْ تَعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ أَتَمَّ الصَّلَاةَ بِمَكَّةَ، قَالَ: فَقَالَ لَهُمَا: وَيْحَكُمَا، وَهَلْ كَانَ غَيْرُ مَا صَنَعْتُ؟ ” قَدْ صَلَّيْتُهُمَا مَعَ رَسُولِ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ وَمَعَ أَبِي بَكْرٍ وَعُمَرَ “، رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَالَا: فَإِنَّ ابْنَ عَمِّكَ قَدْ كَانَ أَتَمَّهَا ، وَإِنَّ خِلَافَكَ إِيَّاهُ لَهُ عَيْبٌ، قَالَ: ” فَخَرَجَ مُعَاوِيَةُ إِلَى الْعَصْرِ فَصَلَّاهَا بِنَا (3) أَرْبَعًا “

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There is a narration in Sahih Bukhari,4/179

3500 – حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو اليَمَانِ، أَخْبَرَنَا شُعَيْبٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، قَالَ: كَانَ مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ جُبَيْرِ بْنِ مُطْعِمٍ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ بَلَغَ مُعَاوِيَةَ وَهُوَ عِنْدَهُ فِي وَفْدٍ مِنْ قُرَيْشٍ: أَنَّ عَبْدَ اللَّهِ بْنَ عَمْرِو بْنِ العَاصِ يُحَدِّثُ أَنَّهُ سَيَكُونُ مَلِكٌ مِنْ قَحْطَانَ، فَغَضِبَ مُعَاوِيَةُ، فَقَامَ فَأَثْنَى عَلَى اللَّهِ بِمَا هُوَ أَهْلُهُ، ثُمَّ قَالَ: أَمَّا بَعْدُ، فَإِنَّهُ بَلَغَنِي أَنَّ رِجَالًا مِنْكُمْ يَتَحَدَّثُونَ أَحَادِيثَ لَيْسَتْ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ، وَلاَ تُؤْثَرُ عَنْ رَسُولِ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، فَأُولَئِكَ جُهَّالُكُمْ، فَإِيَّاكُمْ وَالأَمَانِيَّ الَّتِي تُضِلُّ أَهْلَهَا، فَإِنِّي سَمِعْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ «إِنَّ هَذَا الأَمْرَ فِي قُرَيْشٍ لاَ يُعَادِيهِمْ أَحَدٌ، إِلَّا كَبَّهُ اللَّهُ عَلَى وَجْهِهِ، مَا أَقَامُوا الدِّينَ»

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This book has been written by brother Toyib Olawuyi, and can be read online HERE.

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Many sunnis criticize the reward mentioned for Ziarat of Imam Hussein (asws). They object to those narrations which state that if this Ziarat is performed, one will get rewards of Haj or that his sins are forgiven etc. Some ignorant would even charge that Shias don’t perform Haj.

Please keep in mind that Haj is one of the obligatory acts. Allah states in Surah Aal-e-Imran

  1.          فِيهِ آيَاتٌ بَيِّنَاتٌ مَقَامُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۖ وَمَنْ دَخَلَهُ كَانَ آمِنًا ۗ وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلًا ۚ وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ

 In it are clear signs, the standing place of Ibrahim, and whoever enters it shall be secure, and pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) everyone who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds. Read the rest of this entry »

Generally it is presumed that when a Sahabi narrates then it would mean that he is narrating from Holy Prophet asws.

Let us see a narration from Mustadrak, Imam Hakim, 2/535

3822 – أَخْبَرَنَا أَحْمَدُ بْنُ يَعْقُوبَ الثَّقَفِيُّ، ثنا عُبَيْدُ بْنُ غَنَّامٍ النَّخَعِيُّ، أَنْبَأَ عَلِيُّ بْنُ حَكِيمٍ، ثنا شَرِيكٌ، عَنْ عَطَاءِ بْنِ السَّائِبِ، عَنْ أَبِي الضُّحَى، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمَا، أَنَّهُ قَالَ: {اللَّهُ الَّذِي خَلَقَ سَبْعَ سَمَاوَاتٍ وَمِنَ الْأَرْضِ مِثْلَهُنَّ} [الطلاق: 12] قَالَ: سَبْعَ أَرَضِينَ فِي كُلِّ أَرْضٍ نَبِيٌّ كَنَبِيِّكُمْ وَآدَمُ كآدمَ، وَنُوحٌ كَنُوحٍ، وَإِبْرَاهِيمُ كَإِبْرَاهِيمَ، وَعِيسَى كَعِيسَى «هَذَا حَدِيثٌ صَحِيحُ الْإِسْنَادِ وَلَمْ يُخَرِّجَاهُ»

[التعليق – من تلخيص الذهبي] 3822 – صحيح

Ibn Abbas narrates in explanation of 12th verse of Surah Talaq that there are 7 Earths, and there is a Prophet in each of them like Your Prophet, and Adam like your Adam, and Noah like Your Noah, and Ibrahim like Your Ibrahim, and Jesus like Your Jesus.

Hakim says Narration has authentic chain though it was not noted down (in Bukhari or Muslim)

Dhabi says it is Authentic

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Sheikh Albany mentions this title in his Silsila Ahadeeth Saheehiyya, 4/329, Narration 1749

1749 – ” أول من يغير سنتي رجل من بني أمية “.

The first man who will change my Sunnah, will be a man from Banu Umayya

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Let us share a narration from al-Muntakhib min Musnad Abd bin Hameed, 2/360, research by Sheikh Mustafa A’dwi

1475- أنا عَبْدُ الرَّزَّاقِ، أنا مَعْمَرٌ، عَنِ الزُّهْرِيِّ، عَنْ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ قَالَتْ: فُرِضَتِ الصَّلَاةُ عَلَى النَّبِيَّ -صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ- بِمَكَّةَ رَكْعَتَيْنِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ، فَلَمَّا خَرَجَ إِلَى الْمَدِينَةِ فُرِضَتْ أَرْبَعًا، وَأُقِرَّتْ صَلَاةُ السَّفَرِ رَكْعَتَيْنِ.

قَالَ الزُّهْرِيُّ: فَقُلْتُ لعُرْوَةَ: فَمَا كَانَ يَحْمِلُ عَائِشَةَ عَلَى أَنْ تُتِمَّ فِي السَّفَرِ، وَقَدْ عَلِمَتْ أَنَّ اللہ  -عَزَّ وَجَلَّ- إِنَّمَا فَرَضَهَا رَكْعَتَيْنِ؟! فَقَالَ: تَأَوَّلَتْ مِنْ ذَلِكَ مَا تَأَوَّلَ عُثْمَانُ مِنْ إِتْمَامِ الصَّلَاةِ بِمِنًى.

Ayesha narrated: Prayers were made obligatory upon Holy Prophet consisting of two rak’at in Mecca, but When He went to Madina, four Rak’at were made obligatory. But two rakat were retained in journey. So Zuhri asked Urwa: What made Ayesha complete the prayers in Journey when we know that Allah made two rakat compulsory? He replied: She interpretated like Uthman when He completed prayers in Mina. Read the rest of this entry »

There is a very interesting narration in Saheeh Bukhari, 5/37

3812 – حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ اللَّهِ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، قَالَ: سَمِعْتُ مَالِكًا، يُحَدِّثُ عَنْ أَبِي النَّضْرِ، مَوْلَى عُمَرَ بْنِ عُبَيْدِ اللَّهِ، عَنْ عَامِرِ بْنِ سَعْدِ بْنِ أَبِي وَقَّاصٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، قَالَ: ” مَا سَمِعْتُ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ، يَقُولُ: لِأَحَدٍ يَمْشِي عَلَى الأَرْضِ إِنَّهُ مِنْ أَهْلِ الجَنَّةِ، إِلَّا لِعَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ سَلاَمٍ “

Sa’ad bin Abi Waqas, one of the 10 who were given news of Heaven, narrates: I did not hear Holy Prophet telling anyone walking Earth that He is amongst people of heaven except Abdullah bin Salam

This narration is also present in Saheeh Muslim, 4/1930

Now this is very strange that one of those who were part of Hadeeth Ashra Mubashira, he is saying that He did not hear it from Holy Prophet asws.

AhluSunnah may argue that he said “He did not hear Holy Prophet”; and not that “Holy Prophet did not say it”.

But the point is, He lived for quite some time. Do you think none of the Sahaba told him that He is part of the elite group?

And if some Sahabi did tell him, was he not aware that “All Sahaba are Adil/just” and that “Mursal of Sahabi is accepted”. Why was he not accepting their point then?

Now the main strategy for AhluSunnah would be do say: Well, none of the Sahaba ever told him, and We believe this.

Though it is very strange to believe, but let us talk about Hadeeth Ashra Mubashira. Read the rest of this entry »

In Sunni’s world of I’lm-ur-Rijal, this is an accepted principle that if a Sahabi has not even heard a narration from Holy Prophet asws, or He was not present at that time, but He says “Holy Prophet said”, it is considered as authentic.

For example,

Ibn Salah states this in his Moqaddama, p. 56;

Ibn Kathir in his Ikhtisaar Uloom-ul-Hadeeth, urdu translation,research by Sheikh Zubair Ali Zai p. 37 &  Sheikh Zubair Ali Zai wrote in the footnotes that Ibn Hajr stated that there is agreement between all Scholars of Hadeeth upon authenticity of Mursal of Sahabi

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There is a narration in Sunan Darmi, 2/962, Research by Sheikh Hussein Saleem Asad

1580 – أَخْبَرَنَا مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يُوسُفَ، حَدَّثَنَا الْأَوْزَاعِيُّ، عَنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ، عَنْ أَبِي سَلَمَةَ بْنِ عَبْدِ الرَّحْمَنِ، قال: حَدَّثَنِي أَبُو هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: بَيْنَمَا عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ يَخْطُبُ إِذْ دَخَلَ رَجُلٌ، [ص:963] فَعَرَّضَ بِهِ عُمَرُ، فَقَالَ: يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ، مَا زِدْتُ أَنْ تَوَضَّأْتُ حِينَ سَمِعْتُ النِّدَاءَ، فَقَالَ: وَالْوُضُوءَ أَيْضًا؟ أَلَمْ تَسْمَعْ رَسُولَ اللہ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يَقُولُ: «إِذَا جَاءَ أَحَدُكُمْ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ، فَلْيَغْتَسِلْ»

[تعليق المحقق] إسناده صحيح

Abu Huraira said: Umar was giving us a sermon, when “a man” came. So umar asked him, to which he replied: O Amir-ul-Momineen! I did not do anything else When I heard the voice, I just did ablution. Umar said: Just ablution? Have you not heard Prophet asws saying: When You come on Friday, take a bath. Read the rest of this entry »

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